Choosing Health Ch.5
Terms in this set (36)
The ability to perform moderate to vigorous levels of activity and to respond to physical demands without excessive fatigue.
Bodily movement that substantially increases energy expenditure.
A type of physical activity that is planned and structured.
The capacity to perform specific physical skills related to a sport or other physically demanding activity.
The ability to perform activities of daily living with vigor.
The ability of your heart and lungs to effectively deliver oxygen to your muscles during prolonged physical activity.
The maximum force your muscles can apply in a single maximum effort of lifting, pushing, or pressing.
The capacity of muscles to repeatedly exert force, or to maintain a force, over a period of time.
The ability of joints to move through their full rages of motion.
The relative proportions of the body's lean tissue and fat issue.
A condition in which reduced bone mineral density causes the bones to become weak and brittle.
Increasing the stress placed on your body through exercise, which results in an improved fitness level.
Gradually overloading the body over time in order to avoid injury.
Exercise variables that can be modified in order to accomplish progressive overload: frequency, intensity, time, and type.
The principle that a fitness component is improved only by exercises that address that specific component.
The principle that fitness levels decline when the demand placed on the body is decreased.
The principle that individuals will respond to fitness training in their own unique ways.
Prolonged physical activity that raises the heart rate and works the large muscle groups.
Target heart rate range
The heart rate range to aim for during exercise. A targeted heart rate range 64-91% of your maximum heart rate is recommend.
Short, intense exercise that causes an oxygen deficit in the muscles.
Exercise where the muscle contracts but the body does not move.
Exercise where the muscle contraction causes body movement.
The number of times you perform an exercise repeatedly.
Separate groups of repetitions
The period necessary for the body to recover from exercise demands and adapt to higher levels of fitness.
The ability to reach and hold a stretch at one endpoint of a joint's range of motion with little resistance.
The ability to move quickly and fluildly through a joint's entire range of motion with little resistance.
Gradually lengthening a muscle to an enlonged position and sustaining that positon.
A type of static stretching where you gently apply force to your body to create a stretch.
Stretching performed with a partner who increases the intensity of the strecth by gently applying pressure too your body as it stretches.
Performing rhythmic bouncing movements in a stretch to increase the intensity of the stretch..
A type of slow movement stretching in which activities from a workout or sport are mimicked in a controlled manner, often to help "warm up" for a game or event.
A potentially fatal conditon in which your caore body temperature becomes too low.
A mild form of heat-related illness that usually occurs as the result of exercising in hot weather without adequate hydration.
A life threatening heat-related illness that occurs when your core temperature rises above 105 degrees Fahrenheit.
An involuntary contracted muscle that does not relax, resulting in localized intense pain.