Choosing Health Ch. 8
Terms in this set (28)
A pattern of drinking alcohol that results in a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 or above ( about five or more alcoholic drinks within 2 hours for men, or four or more alcoholic drinks within 2 hours for women).
Ethyl alchol (ethanol)
The intoxicating ingredient in beer, wine, and distilled liquor.
A measurement of alcoholic strength, corresponding to twice the alcohol percentage (13% alcohol equals 26 proof).
A drink containing about 14 grams pure alcohol (one 12-oz. can of beer, one 5-oz. glass of wine, or 1.5 oz. of 80-proof liquor).
The process by which alcohol passes from the stomach or small intestine into the bloodstream.
The breakdown of food and beverages in the body to transform them into energy.
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC)
The amount of alcohol present in blood, measured in grams of alcohol per deciliter of blood.
The state of physical and/or mental impairment brought on by excessive alcohol consumption (in legal terms, BAC of 0.08% or greater).
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms, including headache and nausea, caused by an earlier bout of heavy drinking.
Dangerously high level of alcohol consumption, resulting in depression of the central nervous system, slowed breathing and heart rate, and compromised gag reflex.
Fetal alcohol syndrome
A pattern of mental and physical birth defects found in some children of mothers who drank excessively during pregnancy.
Drinking alcohol to excess, either regularly or on individual occasions, resulting in disruption of work, school, or home life and causing interpersonal, social, or legal problems.
Alcoholism (alcohol dependence)
A physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping drinking brings on withdrawal symptoms.
Using alcohol or drugs to cope with sadness, grief, pain, or mental health problems.
Returning to drinking after a period of sobriety.
An alkaloid derived from the tobacco plant that is responsible for smoking's psychoactive and addictive effects.
A sticky, thick brown residue that forms when tobacco is burned and its chemical particles condense.
A gas that inhibits the delivery of oxygen to the body's vital organs.
A neurotransmitter that stimulates feelings of pleasure.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
A category of diseases that includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and asthma.
A chronic disease in which the air sacs in the lung become damaged, making breathing difficult.
Inflammation of the main airways in the lungs that continues for at least three months.
A chronic pulmonary disease in which the air passages become inflamed, making breathing difficult.
Secondhand smoke (environmental tobacco smoke)
The smoke nonsmokers are exposed to when someone has been smoking nearby; a combination of sidestream smoke and mainstream smoke.
Smoke emanating from the burning end of a cigarette or pipe.
Smoke exhaled from the lungs of smokers.
White spots on the mucous membranes in the mouth that may become cancerous.