Red-figure pottery is a type of Greek pottery that flourished from the late 6th to the late 4th century bc. During this period most of the more important vases were painted in this style or in the earlier, black-figure style. In the latter, figures were painted in glossy black pigment in silhouette on the orange-red surface of the vase; details were added largely by incising. In the red-figure style, decoration was also outlined in black, but the background outside the outline was filled in with black, leaving the figures red. Details were painted rather than incised, thus allowing more flexibility in the rendering of human form, movements, and, above all, expressions and allowing scope for shading and a more satisfactory kind of perspective. Since most of the ornamentation on Greek pottery was narrative rather than purely decorative, such technical advantages were of utmost importance. Collapse Mycenaean Bonze Age reduces palace culture to lowest common denominator.
Eighth B.C., Essentially a new start to physical culture. Pottery, independent decorative vocabulary ("sort of "geometric"), population rise, colonization, Homeric epics composed and written down, writing, (based on Phoenician script), colonization, in black Sea and West (Sicily, Italy). Development of towns, courtyard houses replace simple huts, temples monumentalize hut simple shapes.
Idea that beauty is an appropriate attribute of, or tribute to, divinity. Humanistic conception.
Rise of "tyrannies" as charismatic, anti-aristocratic polis leaders, aggressively proactive political leaders. Contact and trading with Near East, acquisition of figural styles, and Near Eastern Floral motifs as decoration, contact with Egypt, c. 630, c. 600 sudden creation of stone monumental colonnaded architecture, (Doric "order", c. 600, Ionic c. 570).
Domination of Corinth.