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Politics of the United States
Jeffersons ideals and constitution TEST study guide
Terms in this set (55)
A principal or standard of perfection that we are always trying to achieve.
The state of having the same privileges, rights, status, and opportunities as others.
The chance for people to pursue their hopes and dreams.
Powers or privileges granted to people by law.
A system of government founded on the principal that the power to rules comes from the consent of the governed.
Rights a person is given at birth.
Rights that cannot be taken away or denied.
Articles of confederation
The nations first constitution, which was drafted in 1777 and created a framework for a loose confederation of states.
Limitations of A of C
•no powers to tax
•all states had to agree to change something
•no executive and judicial branch
•the new government couldn't negotiate trade with forgiven countries, or raise an army to defend the war
•the states relied on trade between themselves and raised taxes
•didn't work and led to economic depression
Set up how land west of the colonies would be governed.
Separation of powers
The division of government power, into executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Checks and balances
Prevents one branch from becoming to powerful.
Set up the frame work for the legislative branch.
Proposed that representation in the two houses of congress should be based on the population of each state.
New Jersey plan
Proposed a series of amendments to the articles of confederation.
Contradicted the ideals of the DOI (3/5 of slaves were counted for taxes and population.)
People who supported the constitution.
Supported a weaker central government.
To pass into law.
To make a change.
Bill of rights
1st 10 amendments to the constitution, gave individual rights.
1st thru 10th amendments
Called bill of rights and gave individual rights.
Gives the freedom of religion, press, speech, right to a peaceful assembly and right to petition the government.
Right to bear arms.
Do not have to quarter soldiers in your home unless you say it's ok.
Prohibits illegal searches and seizures of your property.
Protects you from getting arrested (plead the 5th).
Right to a fair and speedy trail.
Right to trial by jury involving cases between businesses and people.
Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment or excessive bail.
People have other rights other than the ones already listed.
Powers not delegated to the federal government belong to the states or the people.
"We the people"
Announces that the constitutions purpose comes from the people.
To bring charges against an elected official (*does not mean to remove from office).
Length of term for senator
6 year term
Length of term for representative
2 year term
Length of term for president
4 year term
Allows congress to "make all laws necessary and proper" to carry out its duties.
Says that the constitution and federal laws are the supreme laws of the land.
Powers that the constitution delegates, or grants, to congress and therefor to the national government.
A power that the constitution does not delegate to congress or deny to the states and is therefor reserved for the states or the people.
A power that the constitution delegated, or grants, to congress but does NOT dent to states.
Author of Declaration of Independence.
Wrote the constitution and was a federalist.
Came up with concept of natural rights (rights given at birth ,life, liberty, property).
Legislative checks to executive checks
Can override presidential vetoes, approve or reject presidential appointments and treaties, and impeach and try the president.
Executive checks to legislative checks
Can approve or veto bills, call special sessions of congress, and recommend legislation.
Legislative checks to judicial checks
Can approve or rejected nomination of federal judges, create lower courts, and remove judges through impeachment.
Judicial checks to legislative checks
Can declare laws unconstitutional.
Executive checks to judicial checks
Can nominate Supreme Court justices and federal judges.
Judicial checks to executive checks
Can declare treaties and executive acts unconstitutional. Appointments are for life, and judges are free from executive control.
Role of legislative branch
To make laws and raise taxes.
Role of executive branch
Enforces the laws.
Role of judicial branch
Can declare laws unconstitutional.
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