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67 terms

Religion 130

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kami
the Shinto word for that invisible sacred quality that evokes wonder and awe in us, and also for the invisible spirits throughout nature that are born of this essence
1868
Meiji restoration brought Emperor Meiji and an imperial state apparatus into power-- emphasis on worship of the emperor
Kannagara
coming to harmony with the kami; the "way or nature of the Kami--to bring our life into harmony with nature-- can be understand as Natural Religion
Misogi
standing under waterfalls for purification
Oharai
Shinto purification ceremony
Tsumi
impurity or misfortune, a quality that Shinto purification practices are designed to remove
Ahura Mazda
Zoroastrianism; the Creator God
Amesha Spenta
Zoroastrianism; six divine powers (The Good Mind, Righteousness, Absolute Power, Devotion, Perfection and Immortality) personified and worshipped as deities with shining eyes and beautiful forms (radiated from godhead) after Zarathustra's death
Allah
The one God, in Islam
Caliph
in Sunni Islam, the successor to the Prophet, Abu Bakr was elected the first one
Fatwa
In Islam, a legal opinion issued by an authority according to a particular school of law
Hajj
the holy pilgrimmage to Mecca for Muslims
Hadith
in traditional Islam, a traditional report about a reputed saying or action of the Prophet Muhammad; a body of literature that talks about words or actions of prophets
Hijab
The veiling of women for the sake of modesty
Hijrah
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina; migration of Muslims
Imam
in Shi'ism, the title for the person carrying the initative tradition of the prophetic light, has both political and religious tradition
Islam
in its original meaning, complete, trusting surrender to God
Jihad
not really holy war; other meaning= struggle or striving against self or evil nature
Gabriel
brought revelation to Muhammad
Ka'bah
Adam originally worshipped here; the holiest sanctuary in Islam; Abraham and Isma'il built it together
Parsis
what Zoroastrians are called in India
Abraham
ultimate patriarch of Islam
Magi
tribe of priestly specialists in western Iran whose practices included magic and astrology; were involved in the transmission of Zoroastrianism
Night Ascension
Muhammad left and rode ino heaven and met with prophets + Allah
Madrasa
traditional Muslim educational institutions; typically teach a narrow version of Islam, ignoring its sophisticate cultural and scientific heritage and nuanced philosophy. Because some of these schools have been breeding grounds for militants, they are coming under closer scrutiny
Muezzin
one who calls the people to prayer from a high place, the slave Bilal was the first
Shahadah
The central Muslim expression of faith: "There is no god but God", and Muhammad is the messenger of God
Shari'ah
The divine law, in Islam
Shi'a
The minority branch of Islam, which feels that Muhammad's legitimate successors were "Ali and a series of Imams"
Sufism
mystical branch of Islam-- other Muslims don't think they have right ideas
Kafir/Kufr
someone who is a nonbeliever; ungratefulness to God, unbelief, atheism
Shrik
Not believing that God is one-- associating other things with divinity except the one God
Dhikr
Meditation on names of god
Saoshyant
the "end of time" Savior
Ramadan
commemorates revelation of Qur'an
Sunnah
behavior of the Prophet Muhammad, used as a model in Islamic law
Sunni
A followerof the majority branch of Islam, which feels that successors to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Islam community
Sura
A chapter of the Qur'an
Ummah
The Muslim commuity
Amrit
The water, sweetened with sugar, used in Sikh baptismal ceremonies
Dasam Granth
10th guru _________
Five K's
In Sikhism, the symbols worn by Khalsa members; unshorn hair, comb, sword, iron bracelet, drawstring underbreeches
Five Pillars
believing and professing the unity of God & messengership of Muhammad; performance of a continual round of prayers (5 times a day); charity or almsgiving (zakat); fasting; pilgrimmage to Mecca
Adi Granth
sacred scriptures of the Sikhs (first compilation); original holy book
Guru Granth Sahib
last compilation of sacred scriptures of the Sikhs; what the Adi Granth is now called
Jaap Sahib
written by Guru Gobind Singh, contain 199 verses, the second morning prayer; it names no prophets nor creates any religion, it just pays homage to God
Janam-sakhis
traditional Sikh biographies, especially stories of the life of Guru Nanak
Jap Ji
The first morning prayer of the Sikhs, written by Guru Nanak
Khalsa
body of the pure, as inspired by the Sikh Guru Gbind Singh; Sikh initiates
Gurdwara
Sikh temple
Kirtan
Devotional singing of hymns from the Guru Granh Sahib in Sikhism
Kusti
sacred thread worn around the waist-- custom for men AND women in Zoroastrianism
Langar
in Sikh tradition, a free communal meal without caste distinctions
Nam
the Holy Name of God reverberating throughout all of Creation, as repeated by Sikhs
Panth
Sikh community
Sangat
A Sikh congregation, in which all are considered equal
Udasi
An ascetic Sikh order; don't withdraw from the world but practice strict discipline and meditation while trying to serve the world
Khalistan
Sikh homeland
Zarathushtra
founding prophet of Zoroastrianism
Gathas
Zarathushtra's metric verses that are supposed to pay homage to the Supreme-only words the prophet that have been retained
Avesta
"holy texts" of Zoroastrianism
Spenta Mainyu
Zoroastrianism good
Angra Mainyu
Zoroastrianism bad
570
year Muhammad was born
Khadijah
Muhammad's wife
Dervishes
poor, mendicant mystics
diaspora
dispersed communities