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180 terms

Murray E2 Honors Midterm 2010/2011

STUDY
PLAY
PHOBIA
fear, dislike, aversion
Acrophobia
fear of heights
Agoraphobia
fear of open spaces
Claustrophobia
fear of enclosed or narrow places
Hydrophobia
morbid (abnormal) fear of water
Monophobia
fear of being alone
Photophobia
morbid aversion to light
PHIL
"loving," fond of"
Philanthropy
love of humanity, as shown in donations to charities and social causes
Philately
collection or study of stamps
Philosopher
lover of, or searcher for, wisdom or knowledge
Bibliophile
lover of books
MIS
hate
Misanthrope
hater of humanity
Misogamy
hatred of marriage
Misogyny
hatred of women
Misology
hatred of argument, reasoning, or discussion
Misoneism
hatred of anything new
DYS
"bad," "ill," "difficult"
Dysentery
inflammation of the large intestine usually caused by harmful microorganism in food or water
Dyspepsia
poor digestion; indigestion
Dysphasia
speech difficulty resulting from brain injury
Dysphoria
sense of great unhappiness or dissatisfaction
Dystopia
imaginary place where living conditions are dreadful
Dystrophy
faulty nutrition
EU
"good," "well," "advantageous"
Eugenics
science dealing with improving the hereditary qualities (genes) of the human race
Eulogize
write or speak in praise of someone, usually a person who is deceased
Euphemism
substitution of a "good" expression for an unpleasant one. Example: passed away for death, or custodial engineer for janitor.
Euphonious
pleasing in sound
Euphoria
sense of great happiness or well-being
Euthanasia
The act or practice of ending the life of an individual suffering from a terminal illness or an incurable condition, as by lethal injection or the suspension of extraordinary medical treatment (literally "advantageous death")
MACRO
"large," "long"
MICRO
"small," "minute"
Macrocosm
great world; universe
Macron
horizontal mark indicating the vowel over which it is placed is long
A (AN)
"not," "without"
Amorphous
without definite form or shape
Anarchy
total absence of rule of government; confusion; disorder
Anemia
lack of normal number of red blood cells
Anesthesia
loss of feeling or sensation resulting from ether, chloroform, Novocain, etc.
Anomalous
not normal; abnormal
Anoxia
condition characterized by an absence of oxygen supply to an organ or a tissue
Aseptic
free from disease-causing microorganisms
Asymptomatic
showing no symptoms of disease
Atrophy
a wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use
MONO (MON)
"one," "single," "alone"
POLY
"many"
Polyarchy
ruled by many
Polychromatic
showing a variety of colors
Monogamy
marriage with one mate at a time
Polygamy
marriage to several mates at the same time
Polymorphic
having various forms
Monosyllabic
having one syllable
Polysyllabic
have more than one syllable
Monotheism
belief that there is one god
Polytheism
belief that there is more than one god
Monogram
two or more letters interwoven to represent a name
Monograph
a detailed written study of a single specialized subject or an aspect of it
Monologue
long speech given by one person
Monomania
exaggerated or obsessive enthusiasm for or preoccupation with one thing.
Polyglot
person who speaks several languages
LOGY
"science," "study," "account"
Cardiology
science dealing with the actions and diseases of the heart
Dermatology
science dealing with the skin and its diseases
Ecology
science dealing with the relation of the living things to their environment and to each other
Genealogy
account of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor
Geology
the science that deals with the earth's physical structure and substance, its history, and the processes that act on it.
Meteorology
science dealing with the atmosphere and the weather
Necrology
list of persons who have recently died
Neurology
scientific study of the nervous system and its diseases
Paleontology
The study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric or geologic times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.
Pathology
science dealing with the nature and causes of diseases
Sociology
study of evolution, development, and functioning of human society
Theology
study of religion and religious ideas
BIO
"life"
Abiogenesis
spontaneous generation (development of life from lifeless matter)
Biocidal
destructive to life or living things
Biodegradable
capable of being readily decomposed into harmless substances by living microorganisms
Biogenesis
development of life from preexisting life
Biometry
statistical calculation of the probable duration of human life
Biopsy
diagnostic examination of a piece of tissue from the living body
Biota
the living plants (flora) and living animals (fauna) of a region
Microbe
very minute living organism; germ; microorganism
Symbiosis
interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both
TOMY (TOM)
"cutting," "operation of incision"
Anatomy
dissection of plants, animals, or anything else for the purpose of studying their structure
Dichotomy
a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different
Gastrectomy
surgical removal of part or all of the stomach
Lobotomy
a surgical operation involving incision into the prefrontal lobe of the brain, formerly used to treat mental illness.
Mastectomy
surgical removal of a breast
Phlebotomy
the surgical opening or puncture of a vein in order to withdraw blood or introduce a fluid, or (historically) as part of the procedure of letting blood.
Tome
one volume, or "cut" of a work of several volumes; scholarly book
Tracheotomy
surgical operation of cutting into the windpipe (trachea) to create airway
POD
"foot"
Antipodes
the direct opposite of something; parts of the globe (or their inhabitants) diametrically opposite (literally, "with the feet opposite")
Podiatrist
one who treats ailments of the foot
Podium
dais; raised platform
Tripod
utensil, stool, or caldron having three legs
HETERO
"different"
Heterochromatic
having different colors
Homogeneous
of the same kind; similar; uniform
Heterogeneous
differing in kind; dissimilar; varied
Heteromorphic
exhibiting diversity of form
Homocentric
having the same center; concentric
Homophonic
having the same sound
ARCHY
"rule"
Hierarchy
a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority
Matriarchy
a form of social organization in which the mother rules the family or tribe; descent being traced through the mother
Patriarchy
a form of social organization in which the father rules the family or tribe; descent being traced through the father
GEO
"earth," "ground"
Geocentric
having or representing the earth as the center, as in former astronomical system
Geopolitics
study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography
Geotropism
response to the earth's gravity, as the growing of roots downward in the ground
PATH (PATHO, PATHY)
1. "feeling," "suffering"; (2) "disease"
Antipathy
aversion; dislike
Apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
Empathy
the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
Homeopathy
the treatment of disease by minute doses of natural substances that in a healthy person would produce symptoms of disease
Psychopath
a person suffering from chronic mental disorder with abnormal or violent social behavior
a, ab
away, from
ad
to
ante
before
bi
two
circum
around
con (col, com, cor)
together, with
contra
against
de
from, down
dis
apart, away
e, ex
out
extra
beyond
In (il, im, ir)
not
inter
between
intra
within
Ob, op
against
per
through, thoroughly
post
after
pre
before
pro
forward
re
again, back
retro
backward
se
apart
semi
half
sub, sup
under
trans
across, through
ultra
beyond, exceedingly
vice
in place of
hierarchy
a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority
geo
earth, ground
geopolitics
study of government and its politics as affected by physical geography
georgic
agricultural; a poem or book dealing with agriculture or rural topics
geotropism
response to the earth's gravity, as the growing of roots downward in the ground
path, patho, pathy
feeling, suffering; disease
pathos
quality of drama, speech, literature, music, or events that arouses a feeling of pity or sadness
homeopathy
the treatment of disease by minute doses of natural substances that in a healthy person would produce symptoms of disease
osteopath
a branch of medical practice that emphasizes the treatment of medical disorders through the manipulation and massage of the bones, joints, and muscles
pathogenic
causing disease
pathological
due to disease
Monarchy
a state ruled by a single person, as a king or queen
HYPER
over, above, beyond the ordinary
HYPO
under, beneath, less than the ordinary
Hyperacidity
excessive acidity
Hypoglycemia
abnormally low level of sugar in the blood
Hypertension
abnormally high blood pressure
Hypotension
low blood pressure
Hyperthermia
especially high fever
Hypothermia
subnormal body temperature
Hyperbole
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
Hypersensitive
excessively sensitive; supersensitive
Hypertrophy
enlargement of a body part or organ, as from excessive use
Hypothetical
assumed without proof for the purpose of reasoning; an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information
ENDO
within
EXO
out of, outside
Endogamy
marriage within the tribe, caste, or social group
Exogamy
marriage outside the tribe, caste, or social group
Endogenous
produced from within; due to internal causes
Exogenous
produced from without; due to external causes
Endoskeleton
internal skeleton or supporting framework in an animal
Exoskeleton
hard protective structure developed outside the body, as the shell of a lobster
Exotic
introduced from a foreign country; not native; excitingly strange