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Dev. Psych - Intelligence
Terms in this set (20)
Abstract thinking or reasoning; problem-solving ability; capacity to acquire knowledge
The three definitions of "intelligence"
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Sternberg's theory that intelligence consists of analytical intelligence, creative intelligence, and practical intelligence
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Gardner's theory that intelligence consists of verbal, mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist intelligences
The ability to perceive and express emotions accurately and adaptively, to understand emotion and emotional knowledge, to use feelings to facilitate thought, and to manage emotions in oneself and others
Louis Thurston's two-factor theory that general intelligence can be broken down into fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence
The ability to reason abstractly, which begins to decline in middle adulthood
An individual's accumulated information and verbal skills, which continues to increase with age
A test used to analyze an individual's responses in five content areas (fluid reasoning, knowledge, quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial reasoning, and working memory) to determine the individual's IQ
The Wechsler Scales
Two different tests (one for children 4-6 years of age, and another for children 6-16 years of age) used to measure IQ and several other composite scores
Bayley Scales of Infant Development
Widely used scales for assessing infant cognitive, language, motor, socio-emotional, and adaptive development
The worldwide increase in intelligence test scores over a short time frame
Unstable environments and poverty
Contributes to instability in intelligence
Schaie's Seattle Longitudinal Study
A study that tested verbal ability and memory, numerical ability, spatial orientation, inductive reasoning, and perceptual speed and found that only numeric ability and perceptual speed declined in middle-age
Wrongly believed that the later one was born, the lower IQ this individual had. Also hypothesized that bigger families have a smaller IQ
Rodger et al.
Believed that there were no birth order effects in intelligence. Also showed that children in larger families have a lower overall IQ, and low IQ parents tend to have larger families
Books and parental communication at home, socioeconomic status, and (to a lesser extent) the Head Start Program
Environmental influences for higher intelligence
Show that there is a strong genetic component to intelligence. About 50-75% of variance in intelligence can be explained by genes
An IQ score of this would indicate mental retardation in the individual
An IQ score of this would indicate that the individual is "gifted"
They set high standards which they often fall short of, they are more mature and have less emotional problems, they often feel "different"
Characteristics of gifted children
This set is often in folders with...
Developmental Psych Final
Cognitive Psych Test 1
AP Psych Chap. 7
Research Methods Test 1
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