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World Cultures Family

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A social group that usually consists of a mother, father, and children living together. Rights and obligations with regard to other family members.
family
o When a family teaches a child how to be in their culture from infancy
Enculturation
A type of small agricultural commune in present-day Isreal, where children are not raised by their parents (they are raised by specialists)
Kibbutz
A family that is composed of a man, a woman, or just partners and their children. So it is a two generation family.
nuclear family
A family that includes a third generation.
extended family
When siblings, their husbands and wives and their children live together, also in societies where polygamy is accepted
joint family
Someone's brothers and sisters
siblings
Marriage
conjugal relationship
Having one spouse
monogamy
having many spouses
polygamy
When a husband has more then one wife
polygyny
When a wife has more than one husband
polyandry
When a newly married couple sets up their own house, apart form either set of in-laws
Neolocal
If a newly wedded couple lives at the groom's father's house
Patrilocal
If a newly wedded couple lived with the bride's family
Matrilocal
A family where the woman (or the woman's family) has the final say
Matriarchy
When the men of the family are clearly dominant
Patriarchy
When decision making is fairly equal in families
Equalitarian
The pattern in which people are considered related to each other
kinship system
Everyone in the parents generation are considered like parents
generational system
When there is someone else (like a godparent) in a child's life outside of the rules of blood relationships
ritual co-parenthood
Large unilineal kinship groups that believe they have a common ancestor in the remote past.
Clan
social (marriage, nonrelated, godparents, in-laws, friendship, step-siblings) relationships
affinal relationships
When children are a part of both parent's families
bilineal descent
People belonging to a family or one or the other parent
unilineal descent
When someone only belongs to the mother
matrilineal descent
When someone only belongs to a father
patrilineal descent
A custom or law that permits marriage only among people with the same social or religious group
Endogamy
The rule requiring that marriages be to a person outside of the family or social group
Exogamy
A basic restriction that forbids people too closely related by blood to get married
incest taboo
Signifies that a couple is expected to marry
Betrothal
A rigid status that is an extreme case of social status or class endogamy
Caste
When a man pays a girls family for taking her from them
bride price
Something that is brought by a bride to her husband on their marriage
Dowry
Dutiful obedience on the part of children to parents
filial loyalty
A custom that requires a man to marry his brother's widow and assume responsibility for his children
Levirate
Requires that should a man's wife die, he must marry her unmarried sister
Sororate
A marriage/ match making system
go-between
A break up in a marriage
Divorce