World History: Chapter 1

A test review over World History AP chapter one, from the McDougal Littell text book.
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Terms in this set (...)

Artifacts
remains such as jewelry, tools, and other human or man made objects.
Culture
A people's unique way of life.
Mary Leakey
Discovered foot prints of upright walkers called hominids in 1978.
Donald Johanson
In Etheopia, 1974, Johanson discovered a complete female hominid skeleton who was nicknamed 'Lucy'.
Paleolithic Age
Also known as the Stone Age lasted from 2.5 million - 8000 BC.
Neolithic Age
Also known as the new stone age, lasted from 8000- 3000 BC started the use of copper.
technology
ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs. Tools made the task of survival easier. Hominids were skillful hunters and invented tools for digging, scraping, and cutting.
Nomads
wandered from place to place, never making permanent settlements
Hunter Gatherers
were nomadic peoples, and collected plants and hunted animals
The Neolithic Revolution
also referred to as the agricultural revolution, happened approx 10,000 years ago.
Slash and Burn Farming
Farming technique where vegetation are burned and cut down to make room for farmlands. Also returned neccessary vitamens and minerals to the soil.
Domestication
The taming of animals for human needs.
Zagros Mountains
The birthplace of agriculture.
Civilization
1) Advanced cities 2) Specialized workers 3) Complex Institutions 4) Record Keeping 5) Advanced Technology
Specialization
The development of skills in a specific type of work.
Artisans
Skilled workers who make goods by hand.
Institution
A long lasting pattern of organization in a community.
Scribes
Profesional record keepers
Cuneiform
Early writing system made by the Sumerians. Means 'wedge-shaped'
Bronze Age
Started between 3000- 2500 BC, when people began to use bronze instead of copper.
Sumer
One of the earliest civilizations stood on the banks of the Euphrates River.
Barter
the trading of goods and services without money.
Ziggurat
The pyramid-shaped temple, which means 'mountain of god' which stood at the center of a city.