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57 terms

12

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In the late fourth century, Christianity was proclaimed the official religion of the Roman empire by Emperor
Theodosius.
Constantine founded an eastern capital for the Roman empire.
T
Buddhism was spread to China by
foreign merchants
The tetrarchs were
the four officials who ruled the Roman empire under Diocletian's plan
Nestorians were Christian thinkers who stressed the human nature of Jesus.
T
Diocletian divided the Roman empire in half.
T
The most important port on the Red Sea, constructed by the Ptolemies, was
Berenice.
The information that Zhang Qian brought back encouraged Han Wudi to destroy the Xiongnu and lay the foundations for the
silk roads
In 476 C.E., the Germanic leader Odovacer brought an end to the western half of the Roman empire when he overthrew
Romulus Augustolus
Devout Manichaeans, who abstained from marriage and sexual relations and who devoted their lives to prayer and fasting, were called the
elect
The fact that by the first century C.E. southeast Asian kings called themselves rajas shows how they were influenced by the
Indians.
In the structure of the early Christian church, who presided over the dioceses?
bishops
In the west, the silk roads terminated in the Turkish port of
Antioch
The expanding influence of India was shown by the fact that southeast Asian kings called themselves
rajas
That Jesus possessed both human and divine natures was a decision made by the Council of
Nicaea
In regard to political philosophy, Julius Caesar
favored liberal policies and social reform
The term paterfamilias refers to
The patriarchal nature of the Roman family
Which of the following religions was NOT popular during the Roman empire?
Islam
During times of crisis the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as a(n)
dictator.
Vesta was the Roman goddess of
the hearth
Which of the following groupings of early societies and their rivers is correct?
Mesopotamia-Tigris and Euphrates; Egypt-Nile; Harappan-Indus; China-Huang He
In Kush,
there is evidence of many female rulers
Around 3100 B.C.E., the conqueror Menes founded ________, a city that would serve as the capital for early Egypt
Memphis
Aristotle
believed that philosophers could rely on their senses.
The Hyksos were
External invaders who helped bring about the end of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom
The Indian work that deals with a dialogue between the warrior, Arjuna, and his charioteer, Krishna, is the
Bhagavad Gita
Xunzi was the post-Confucian scholar who believed that human beings selfishly pursued their own interests
True
Junzi were Confucian "superior individuals" who took an active role in public affairs
T
The most important text of Daoism is the
Daodejing
The most powerful Han emperor, known for his administrative centralization and imperial expansion, was
Wudi
Nebuchadnezzar was the first conqueror to unite all of Mesopotamia.
F
Aryans used the term varnas to refer to the major social classes.
T
At the heart of Mencius's philosophy was the belief that
a human nature was essentially good
Shang Yang and Han Feizi hoped to control China's subjects
with clear and strict laws.
Megasthenes was
the Macedonian general who invaded India in 327 B.C.E.
The creator of the first empire in Mesopotamia was
Sargon of Akkad
Queen Hatshepsut served as co-ruler with her stepson Tuthmosis III.
T
Harkhuf was
an Egyptian explorer who visited Nubia.
The Maya believed that monumental change would occur whenever their ceremonial and solar calendars returned to their respective starting points at the same time. This event took place every ________ solar years.
52
Latifundia were
enormous plantations worked by slaves
The Romans had a long tradition of written law, stretching back to 449 B.C.E. and the creation of the
Twelve Tables.
Epictetus was a slave who became a leading Roman Stoic philosopher.
T
In regard to political philosophy, Julius Caesar
favored liberal policies and social reform
The Essenes were a Jewish sect that looked for the appearance of a savior.
T
In the ancient world, the main producer of silk was
China
The "barracks emperors" were the
twenty-six Roman emperors between 235 and 284 C.E.
After 330 C.E., the capital of the Roman world became
Constantinople.
A key element in establishing trade across the Indian Ocean was the
Monsoon Winds
The Roman empire was divided into two parts by
Diocletian
The term sinicization refers to the
spread of Chinese culture
The fact that by the first century C.E. southeast Asian kings called themselves rajas shows how they were influenced by the
Indians.
The information that Zhang Qian brought back encouraged Han Wudi to destroy the Xiongnu and lay the foundations for the
:
silk roads.
The trading port of Rhapta was located
on the east African coast
The leader of the Visigoths who sacked Rome in 410 C.E. was
Alaric
After the collapse of the western half of the Roman empire, imperial authority survived for another thousand years in the
Byzantine Empire
In the west, the silk roads terminated in the
Turkish port of
Antioch.
Christian thought was linked to Platonic philosophy through the work o
St. Augustine.