Fundamentals of Nursing ch 40: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance

46 terms by KKMang

Create a new folder

Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Create a free Quizlet account to save it and study later.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


susbstance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or released


condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen ions in the extracellular fluid, in which the pH falls below 7.35

active transport

movement of ions or molecules across cell membranes, usually against a pressure gradient and with the expenditure of metabolic energy


an antibody that causes a clumping of specific antigens


condition characterized by a proportionate lack of hydrogen ions in the extracellular fluid concentration, in which the pH exceeds 7.45


ion that carries a negative electric charge


immunoglobin produced by the body in response to a specific antigen


foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response

autologous transfusion

occurs when a patient donates his or her own blood for a transfusion


substance that can accept or trap a hydrogen ion synonym for alkali


substance that prevents body fluid from becoming overly acid or alkaline


ion that carries a positive electric charge

colloid osmotic pressure

pressure exerted by plasma proteins on permeable membranes in the body; synonym for oncotic pressure


act of determining the compatibility of two blood specimens


tendency of solutes to move freely throughout a solvent from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration until equilibrium is established


accumulation of fluid in extracellular spaces


substance capable of breaking into ions and developing an electric charge when dissolved in solution


passage of a fluid through a permeable membrane whose spaces do not allow certain solutes to pass; passage is from an area of higher pressure to one of lower pressure

hydrostatic pressure

force exerted by a fluid against the container wall


excess of calcium in the extracellular fluid


excess of potassium in the extracellular fluid


excess of magnesium in the extracellular fluid


excess of sodium in the extracellular fluid


above-normal serum concentration of inorganic phosphorus


having a greater concentration than the solution with which it is being compared


excess of plasma


insufficient amount of calcium in the extracellular fluid


insufficient amount of potassium in the extracellular fluid


insufficient amount of magnesium in the extracellular fluid


insufficient amount of sodium in the extracellular fluid


-below-normal serum concentration of inorganic phorphorus
-muscle pain and tenderness, muscle weakness and paresthesias, confusion, decreased level of consciousness, seizures, anorexia, dysphagia, decreased bowel sounds, possible acute respiratory failure


having a lower concentration of solute than another solution


-deficiency of blood plasma
-signs of fluid imbalance. Dry mouth, cool feet, weak limb pulse, decrease capillary refill, BP, increase pulse (to offset symptoms), serum osmo, albumin, urea.


atom that has a positive or negative charge


having about the same concentration as the solution with which it is being compared


concentration of particles in a solution, or a solution's pulling power


passage of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration until equilibrium is established


expression of hydrogen ion concentration and resulting acidity of a substance


substance dissolved in a solution


liquid holding a substance in a solution


determining a person's blood type

thirst mechanism, hypothalamus

Fluid intake is regulated primarily by the _______, which is controlled by the _______.

carbon dioxide levels in the blood

Regulating what is especially crucial in maintaining acid-base balance?

sodium, potassium, calcium, hydrogen, and magnesium

What are the major cations in body fluid?

chloride, bicarbonate, phosphate

What are the major anions in the body?

nonelectrolytes, urea and glucose

What are molecules in the body that remain intact, without a charge called; and what are two examples?

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set