Upgrade to remove ads
CJUS Chapters 4-6
Intro to Criminal Justice, CCJ1020 by Frank Schmalleger, 9th Ed.
Terms in this set (121)
Which of the following is not a prominent private security firm?
Private security personnel differ from public police in that
they secure private interests.
Private security personnel
protect lives and private property.
Independent or proprietary commercial organizations that provide protective services to employers on a contractual basis are known as
private protective services.
The Hallcrest Report II provides the results of an analysis of what type of law enforcement agency?
In 2004, the International Association of Chiefs of Police found fault with America's homeland security strategy because it
was developed without seeking the advice of local public safety organizations.
__________ is the collection and analysis of information to produce an intelligence end product designed to inform the police decision making at both the tactical and strategic levels.
Since September 11, the need to share ________ across jurisdictions has become apparent.
Which of the following is not a reason for the rapid growth of the private security industry?
public law enforcement agencies requesting the help of private security
Which of the following U.S. Supreme Court cases specified the conditions under which deadly force could be used to apprehend a suspected felon?
Tennessee v. Garner
What division in a police department investigates charges that officers are guilty of wrongdoing?
Historically, officers were allowed to use deadly force to prevent the escape of a suspected felon. This was known as the
"Fleeing Felon Rule."
Which Supreme Court case is not directly relevant to police civil liability issues?
Maurice Turner v. Fraternal Order of Police
The pay of police officers
is going up, due to increased professionalism.
Police subculture is transmitted primarily
through informal socialization.
The "Rampart Scandal" arose out of corruption within the ________ Police Department.
The research reported in Enhancing Police Integrity, published by the Department of Justice, found that a police department's ethical standards are most affected by
clearly understood and implemented policies and rules.
Who coined the phrase "working personality" of police officers?
Officers who have adopted the police working personality are often all of the following except
What is the meaning of the term grass eaters as a form of police corruption?
officers who accept small bribes and minor services from citizens
Which of the following is not a benefit of educated police officers?
better handgun skills
A recent study by the FBI found that most slain officers
were good-nature and well liked by the community and the department.
When a police officer arrests someone based on an improperly issued warrant,
the officer may be liable for monetary damages.
A ________ suit is based on an act passed by Congress in 1871 to ensure the civil rights of men and women of all races.
The Peace Officer Standards and Training program is an example of
basic law enforcement training.
Which type of police corruption identified by the Knapp Commission involves the active seeking of illicit money-making opportunities by officers?
Which of the following is true of better-educated police officers?
Educated officers will possess a heightened sensitivity to racial and ethnic issues.
According to the Status of Women in Policing Survey, about what percentage of U.S. law enforcement officers is female?
Barker and Carter describe acts of corruption that further the organizational goals of law enforcement as
abuse of authority.
What case supports drug testing of police officers based on reasonable suspicion that drug abuse is occurring?
Maurice Turner v. Fraternal Order of Police
What Supreme Court case banned random drug testing of police officers?
Philip Caruso, President of P.B.A. v. Benjamin Ward, Police Commissioner
A research project on female officers in Massachusetts found that female officers
are extremely devoted to their work.
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational gain is called
Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the
A writ of certiorari
allows appellate courts to review the record of a lower court case.
Which 1960s U.S. Supreme Court made the exclusionary rule applicable to criminal prosecutions at the state level?
This rule requires that incriminating evidence be seized by police according to the constitutional specifications of due process or it will not be allowed as evidence in court.
Weeks v. U.S.
Which U.S. Supreme Court case was responsible for the creation of the exclusionary rule?
Which legal principle excludes from introduction at trial any evidence resulting from an illegal search or seizure?
fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine.
A legal principle that excludes from introduction at trial any evidence later developed as a result of an illegal search or seizure is called
Terry v. Ohio
This Supreme Court case has become the basis for "stop and frisk."
A(n) ________ wiretap targets a specific individual and not a particular communication device.
the good-faith exception.
The 1984 U.S. Supreme Court case U.S. v. Leon established
danger to property
Which of the following is not a justification for emergency warrant-less searches?
Mapp v. Ohio
Which Supreme Court ruling applied the principles developed in Weeks v. U.S. to trials in state courts?
Miranda v. Arizona
Which famous 1966 U.S. Supreme Court case provided for the advisement of rights to criminal suspects prior to questioning?
Brown v. Mississippi
Which 1936 Supreme Court case addressed physical abuse as a means of obtaining a confession?
Which Amendment protects against self-incrimination?
New York v. Quarles
In ________, the U.S. Supreme Court stated that considerations of public safety can be overriding and negate the need for rights advisement prior to limited questioning.
inmates freely talking about their crimes to an undercover officer posing as an inmate are not protected by Miranda.
The U.S. Supreme Court decided in Illinois v. Perkins that
During which Supreme Court Justice's tenure did the rights of individuals expand dramatically?
Which cases are recognizable by the fact that they produce substantial changes in both the understanding of due process and in the practical day-to-day operations of the justice system?
absolute and unqualified
An officer's authority to detain occupants of a dwelling incident to the execution of a valid search warrant is
The drugs cannot be used at Mary's trial because she did not consent to the search.
Jake and Mary are married and own their home. The police come to the house and ask for permission to search the house for drugs. Jake gives his consent to the search, but Mary says no because she has hidden some drugs in the kitchen. The police come in and search, over Mary's objection, since Jake said it was okay. They find Mary's drugs.
Harris v. U.S.
Which of the following cases is not concerned with the exclusionary rule?
-U.S. v. Leon
-Maryland v. Garrison
- Harris v. U.S.
-Weeks v. U.S.
Weeks v. U.S.
Which U.S. Supreme Court case made the exclusionary rule applicable to seizures by federal officers?
fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine
Silverthorne Lumber v. U.S. is responsible for describing what principle of Fourth Amendment processes?
A(n) ________ warrant is issued based on probable cause to believe that evidence of a crime, while not currently at the place described, will likely be there when the warrant is executed.
Minnesota v. Olson
This Supreme Court case protects overnight guests in the home of another against warrant-less searches.
a legal criterion residing in a set of facts that cause a reasonable person to believe that a person committed a specific crime.
Illinois v. Rodriguez
Which of the following Supreme Court cases diminished the scope of the exclusionary rule?
Maryland v. Garrison
Which 1987 Supreme Court case supported the use of evidence obtained with a search warrant that was inaccurate in its specifics?
Horton v. California
Which of the following Supreme Court cases determined that "inadvertence" is no longer a necessary condition to ensure the legitimacy of seizure under the plain-view doctrine?
In 2005 ________ was appointed Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Harris v. U.S.
The plain-view doctrine was set out in
U.S. v. Mendenhall
Which of the following Supreme Court cases set the "free to leave" test?
Payton v. New York.
Unless the suspect gives consent or there is some emergency circumstance, an officer must have an arrest warrant to enter a suspect's private residence. This was established in
Under Terry v. Ohio the police may conduct a ________ search.
totality of circumstances
What test did U.S. v. Sokolow determine to be appropriate for establishing the constitutionality of a Terry stop?
Carroll v. U.S.
Which of the following does not deal with inventorying the contents of an automobile after it has been seized?
In order to use evidence discovered during an inventory search, a police department must have ________ criteria for doing inventory searches, like written general orders of established routines.
U.S. v. Robinson
Which of the following Supreme Court cases is concerned with search incident to lawful arrest?
Brown v. Texas.
Police officers are not allowed to randomly stop citizens for questioning when they don't suspect them of breaking the law. This rule was established in
An officer knocks on the door of a suspected drug dealer, who invites the officer into the house. While in the kitchen, the officer notices a marijuana plant on the windowsill. The officer may legally seize the plant under the ________ doctrine.
Warden v. Hayden
Which of the following Supreme Court cases recognized the need for emergency searches without a warrant?
California v. Carney was concerned with what type of vehicle?
What legal concept provides the basis of suspicion-less searches when public safety is at issue?
a reasonable suspicion.
A stop under Terry v. Ohio must be based on
Illinois v. Gates
Which of the following cases emphasizes the totality of circumstances approach?
Leyra v. Denno.
To elicit a confession, police departments cannot hire professionals skilled in the art of psychological manipulation because of the decision in the case of
Katz v. U.S.
Which of the following U.S. Supreme Court cases held that electronic eavesdropping was a search and seizure under the Fourth Amendment?
U.S. v. Scott
Which case established the minimization requirement for electronic surveillance?
custody and interrogation
What two principles are considered the Miranda triggers?
Which policing strategy reorganizes conventional patrol strategies into integrated and versatile police teams assigned to a fixed district?
Which police strategy emphasizes an increased capacity to deal with crimes that are not well controlled by traditional methods?
Which state had the first modern state police agency?
preventive patrol does not affect citizen fear of crime
The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment established that
crime labs in the world.
The FBI operates one of the largest
In what year did the FBI begin as the Bureau of Investigation?
all of the above
A centralized law enforcement agency
-has only one headquarters.
-is characteristic in the Southern United States.
-combines criminal investigations with patrol of state highways.
-all of the above
Which agency would not be encompassed by the term local police?
appoint a local coroner
Which of the following is typically not a function of a sheriff's department?
-serve court papers
-maintain and manage county jails
-appoint a local coroner
-provide law enforcement throughout a county or area between municipalities
J. Edgar Hoover.
The FBI headquarters are named after
In what year was the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration established?
The FBI headquarters is located in what city?
Where is the nation's largest law enforcement agency, with about 38,000 sworn officers?
Which of the following is not one of the three major levels of law enforcement?
What strategy is designed to increase the productivity of patrol officers through the application of scientific analysis and evaluation of patrol techniques?
What decade is considered the heyday of scientific police management?
Citizens do not report the event to the police until a considerable amount of time passes.
Why doesn't police response time result in a significant number of arrests?
Federal Bureau of Investigation
What federal agency is responsible for managing the database of DNA profiles?
What state was the first to centralize its state police force?
Which local law enforcement official is responsible for serving court papers, maintaining security within courtrooms, and running the county jail?
police serving the interests of politicians is characterized as the__________ era
Police stressed their role of service to the community.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the reform era of American policing?
-Police stressed their role of service to the community.
-It lasted from the 1930s to the 1970s.
-Police prided themselves on being professional crime fighters.
-Police focused most of their resources on fighting "traditional" crimes.
Semi-permanent assignment of officers to particular neighborhoods is called
providing service to citizens is an example of what type of policing?
a particular set of values characteristic of the police
What is the best way to describe police subculture?
James Q. Wilson
What name is most closely associated with the concept of "policing styles"?
enforces the letter of the law.
The legalistic style of policing
Police-community relations (PCR) as a police practice
recognizes that the police derive their legitimacy from the community they serve.
the reform era
In what era of policing did police departments focus most of their resources on solving "traditional" crimes such as murder and rape?
Some authors have warned that the police subculture focuses almost exclusively on
Which policing style was in use when the Rodney King beating occurred in Los Angeles?
If state troopers were instructed to write a ticket for any motorist going 1 mph over the speed limit, one could argue that this department was operating under what style of policing?
According to a recent Bureau of Justice Statistics study, what percentage of local police departments had full-time officers engaged in some form of community policing?
A neighborhood resource officer asks residents to clean up litter, remove graffiti, and install better lighting in a nearby park that is known for extensive drug dealing. Such a request is characteristic of what type of policing?
Trojanowicz's Community Policing
What may be the definitive book on community policing?
centralization of command
Which of the following is not an element of community policing?
What acronym describes Chicago's comprehensive community-based policing program?
________ is when law enforcement officers exercise choice while carrying out their duties.
You might also like...
Criminal Justice 101 chapters 5-8
Unit 2 criminal justice
Crime & Justice in America: Police and the Courts:…
Chapter 6 - Criminal Justice
Other sets by this creator
RE ch12 TP
Ch 13 304
Ch 12 304
Ch 10 304
Other Quizlet sets
FLP-TFUN-ELECT BASIC ELECTRICAL
Micro - Unit 1 Quiz Mastering