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YOGA MIDTERM

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7 yoga systems are:
Bhakti, Mantra, Karma, jnana, Raja, Tantra, Hatha.
Bhakti Yoga is:
Devotion, longing for the divine. oldest along with Mantra.
Mantra Yoga is:
sacred sound/ syllable. "OM". also oldest along with Bhakti.
Karma Yoga is:
Selfless service, yoga of selfless love/ action.
Jnana Yoga is:
intellect. means "wisdom"; we are one with the universe/world.
Raja Yoga is:
"royal path". Control over your mind.
Tantra Yoga
Energy control. "tantra" means to extend/ stretch out. Sexuality ok in this yoga.
Hatha Yoga
Will/ Force. balanced body energy.
How long has yoga existed?
at least 5,000 to about 25,000 years.
8 Limbs of Yoga are translated as:
Ashtanga
8 Limbs are expounded on in the what?
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
what are the 8 limbs? (listed)
Yamas, Niyamas, Asanas, Pranayama, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi.
Yamas:
Social restraints: non-violence (AHIMSA), truthfulness/honesty (SATYA), non-stealing (ASTEYA), sexual purity (BRAHMACHARYA), non covetousness/greediness (envy, jealousy) (APARIGRAHA).
Niyamas:
Personal Observences: (saucha = cleanliness, santosha = contentment, tapas = spiritual discipline, svadhyaya = self-study, ishvara pranidhana = surrender to God/letting go)
Asanas:
Poses/ postures
Pranayama:
Breath Control
Pratyahara:
Withdrawal of the sense organs.
Dharana:
Single object of focus/ concentration.
Dhyana:
sustained awareness/ meditation.
Samadhi:
(bliss/ ecstasy / elimination of dualities/ polarities)
Patanjali Yoga Sutras: what are they and when were they written?
written 200 BCE, The ancient text of classical science of Yoga comprised of 4 chapters with 196 aphorisms (short verses)
Yoga Citta Vrtti Nirodha
Yoga Mind/Consciousness Fluctuations Cessation. "Yoga is the individual discipline that leads to the cessation of the fluctuations of the mind."
what does the word "yoga" mean?
Sanskrit word "yuj" meaning union/yoke/integration
How can balancing in poses be enhanced?
DRISHTI (focus/ gazing point for the eyes), use of wall, steady and calm breathing.
What is the restful pose to be used in asana?
Balasana (child's pose)
Tendons connect:
muscle to bone.
Ligaments connect:
bone to bone.
________ muscles initiate movement
Skeletal
All muscles can ______ and _______
Contract and Relax
Lordosis
Concave, inward curvature of the spine
Kyphosis
Convex, outward curvature of the spine
Scoliosis
Lateral and rotational deviation of the spine
4 spinal ranges of motion:
flexion, extension, twisting, side (lateral) bending.
Agonist
The main mover- quadricep
Antagonist
muscle doing opposite/ opposing thing as agonist: example for quadricep would be hamstring.
Isometric Muscle Contraction:
No joint movement; muscle neither shortening/ lengthening. This is what we do in class.
Concentric Muscle Contraction:
Muscle Shortening/ IE: bicep curl
Eccentric Muscle Contraction
Muscle Lenthening/ extend
Foundation and Alignment of Yoga Pose:
Contact with the Floor.
2 qualities practioners should maintain
Sthiram: Steadiness, and Sukham (pleasure, ease)
Three anatomical floors:
feet, pelvic girdle, and shoulder girdle.
Iyengar Yoga
Emphasis on precision and Alignment: props such as blocks, straps, blankets, and bolsters.
shivasina:
Greatest amount of restoration with least amount of expended energy.
benefits of practicing yoga:
freedom from pain and suffering, posture flexibility, stress management, physical and mental alignment,
four points of your feet:
ball of big and ball of little toe and inner heel and outer heel.
Downward Facing Dog Pose: External or Neutral Hip Pose?
Neutral
Reclining Big Toe Pose: External or Neutral Hip Pose?
Neutral
Warrior I Pose: External/ Neutral Hip Pose?
Neutral
Mountain Pose: External/ Neutral Hip Pose?
Neutral
Fierce/ Mighty/ Powerful Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
Neutral.
Child's Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
Neutral.
Wide Legged Standing Forward Bend Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
Neutral.
Intense Forward Stretch Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
Neutral.
Corpse Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
Neutral.
Tree Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
External.
Warrior II Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
External.
Extended Triangle Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
External.
Extended Side Angle Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
External.
Half Moon Pose: Neutral/ External Hip Pose?
External.
Durata
Single Focus.