Create an account
different (allo) sensation
sensation on the opposite side of the body than where it should be percieved
if you are touched you don't know where you are being touched (ex: touched on arm, don't know if it is on shoulder, back, etc.)
literally: without knowing somethings solid
medical: you can feel that you are touching something, but you can't feel it's shape. ex: you can't differentiate two different solid objects in your hand by touch alone
Gr. Goddess Lethe
goddess of forgetfulness; also a river in the underworld-if you die you drink of the river and forget everything that happened in your life
inability to process the hearing of speech
AKA receptive aphasia; will be different depending on which brain area is affected
complete paralysis of half of the body; usually caused by stroke (note: if right side brain stroke-left side paralysis)
paralysis of two limbs (legs); associated with spinal cord injuries
L2 and above = paralysis; below = sensory neurons
more common cause of diplegia, monopledia, triplegia
cerebral-associated with the cerebrum
usually congenital, non-progressive, and involves lesions (lesional-why there are weird paralyses)
hematoma below the derma; usually associated with vessels (boxers that get knocked out, say they have no problems, then die the next day)
Gr. epilepsia (to seize upon)
people thought that when a seizure occurred the Gods were attacking them
Hippocrates 'On the Sacred Disease'
5th B.C.; has to do with disorders of seizure like movements
states that the disease is not caused by the gods, but by 'phlegm' (humor)
he believes that in utero babies lose phlegm, but if you don't get rid of it you get seizures
seizure - when cold phlegm hits warm blood, you get a violent seizure
Chorea and Gr. chorus
Gr. chorus in dramas (plays) come out and dance/sing
chorus connects to audience (asks questions, explains things to the audience)
spina bifida occulta
where the back of your spinus processes are not there on one or two levels
no big deal
acute anterior poliomyelitis
acute, front portion of spinal cord, inflammation of gray matter of spinal cord
Galen and psychiatry
Galen thought that psychiatry should be brought into the realm of medicine, as the soul affects the body
lycanthropia = werewolf
medicine: lycanthropia is a condition in which humans acted animal like (wolf-like)
melancholia: black-bile (Excessive black bile lead to this mental illness)
associated with too much black bile (mental illness)
excessively focused on being sick
the anatomy of melancholy
book describing mental illness, melancholy bc all mental illness is associated with black bile
written by Robert Burton
L. de (away from)+lira (furrow) [off the road]
deviant behavior; temporary being out of your mind
dreams; little creatures that fly out from erabus and come into our minds and form our dreams
under the guidance of morpheus
ancient medical diagnosis: dr. in antiquity could use dreams to determine what was wrong with the pt (soul is active when you're asleep)
medicine of dreams
think Freud; greek myths used to describe mental conditions (world-view/consciousness being revealed)
stick with snake (emblem of medicine-rod of asclepius)
god of medicine
they would go to his temple, fall asleep, and he would either heal you or tell you in a dream what to do to get better
cousin of dionysus, says we aren't going to worship dionysus bc hes a new god
dionysus turns pentheus into an animal, his mother and sisters tear him limb from limb
eye that protrudes out of the body
caused by hyperthyroidism (grave's disease)
condition of excessive adrenocortotropin (stimulation of the adrenal cortex)
what is a fundamental sign which distinguishes diabetes mellitus (DM) from diabetes insipidus (DI)
taste (of urine)
acro 'topmost, or extremety'
megaly 'condition of enlargement'
condition of enlargement of usually hands and feet
caused by excessive growth hormone
'father of history'
three different methods egyptians used to embalm bodies
natrium was used to dry out the bodies
'father of medicine' super dedicated
self-infects with syphilis to chart symptoms (to separate from gonnhorhea)
Achilles ruptures: cuts animals to determine rate of healing, then charts himself
charles byrne and john hunter
charles byrne had gigantism
he was also an alcoholic
on his death bed, he knows John Hunter wants his body so he says that when he dies he wants to be buried at sea so John Hunter couldn't get it
John Hunter paid the people who carried the casket out to get his body
associated with hypothyroidism
term: comes from 'christian-as in people' Englishman mishears and says 'cretin'
associated with hypothyroidism
mucus swelling, waxy and hard
Neural tube defect that occurs when the cephalic end of the neural tube fails to close. This results in missing a major part of the brain, skull and scalp. Congenital condition meaning "no brain"
arachne and minerva
Gr myth-arachne can weave really well, challenges minerva, gets turned into a spider
a complex neural structure (shaped like a sea horse) consisting of gray matter and located on the floor of each lateral ventricle
the term means "the greatest bridge-builder"; title for emperors and, later, the pope.
nemesius of emesa
on the nature of man
mapped brain into three regions:
frontal cavities: sensation and imagination
central cavity: intellect and thought
posterior cavity: memory
thought there were 3 ventricles
'I want to prove that God created the human body'
A skin sensation, such as burning, prickling, itching, or tingling, with no apparent physical cause.
a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck)
an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together