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transfer appropriate processing
the initial processing of information is similar to the type of processing required by the subsequent measure of retention
pdp models/ connectionist models
assumes that cognitive processes depend on patterns of activation in highly interconnected computational networks that resemble neural networks
occurs when participants' recall of event they witnesses is altered by introducing postevent information
levels of processing theory
a theory that proposes that deeper levels of processing result in longer lasting memory codes
dual coding theory
a theory that memory is enhanced by forming both semantic and visual codes since either can lead to recall
short term memory
a limited capacity memory store that can maintain unrehearsed information for 20 to 30 seconds
long term memory
an unlimited capacity memory store that can hold information over lengthy periods of time
serial position effect
occurs when subjects show better recall of items at the beginning and end of a list than for items in the middle
episodic memory system
memory made up of chronological or temporally dated, recollections of personal experiences
semantic memory system
memory that contains general knowledge that is not tied to the time when the information was learned
these consist of concepts joined together by links that show how the concepts are related
long term potentiation
a long lasting increase in neural excitability at synapses along a specific neural pathway
hindsight bias/ script
the attempt to mold our interpretation of the past to fit how it actually turned out
tip of the tongue phenomena
a temporary inhability to remember something you know accompanied by the feeling that it's just out of reach
requires the memorization of information a second time to determine how much time or effort is saved
occurs when new information impairs the retention of previously learned information [ski snowboard]
occurs when previously learned information impairs the retention of new information
encoding specificity principle
states that the value of a retrieval cue depends on how well it corresponds to the memory code
a theoretical process involving the gradual conversion of information into durable memory codes stored in long term memory
involves forming a mental image of items to be remembered in a way that connects them together
the process of deciding whether memories are based on external or internal sources
source monitoring error
an error that occurs when a memory derived from one source is attributed to another
non declarative memory system
another term for the procedural memory system which houses memory for actions, skills, and operations
reflex learning in the sea slub produces changes in the strength of specific synaptic connections
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