IB Psychology Paper 3 - Terms
Terms in this set (52)
Determines how believable the researcher's conclusions are. Detailed descriptions of methods, data, participants, etc is important. (Internal validity)
The extent to which the study's results can be transferred to other situations/studies. (External validity)
Oversees what might have affected the results and if the same results could be obtained again. (Reliability)
Subjectivity is good, but it is important to know how subjectivity played a role in the research process.
Using many different data sets in the analysis of results, e.g. from two faculties at a university.
Using many researchers when gathering and analyzing data.
Using many different methods to investigate one topic. Quantitative and qualitative methods.
Using several theoretical perspectives to analyze data.
The process through which the researcher considers how they have influenced the research process and vice versa.
The process through which the production of knowledge is considered. How are methods used in order to create new knowledge of a situation?
Multiple forms of data from different collection methods. Describes the subjective experience.
Privacy, Protection of participants, Confidentiality, Consent, Withdrawal, Debrief, Deception
Every individual in the target population has an equal chance of being selected as a participant.
Sampling method where the sample is selected because it is readily available.
The target population is split into groups of gender, age, socio-economic status, political views, etc. The sample is then selected in order to represent all groups.
One group of the target population is selected as a sample to represent the whole population.
Participants are selected based on a specific trait that is important for the study.
Participants are requested to ask their acquaintances to participate in the study.
Participants voluntarily participate in the study because of, for example, an add in a newspaper.
An observation where participants do NOT know that they are being observed.
An observation where participants know that they are being observed.
An observation where the researcher is part of the observed group.
Observation where researcher is not part of the observed group
When the situation observed is not manipulated by the researchers.
An observation of a situation set up by the researchers.
The participants' response to being observed.
Method for recording data in an observation. Includes both what is happening and the researcher's thought at the time of the observation.
Intrinsic case study
The exploration is driven by a desire to know more about the uniqueness of the case rather than to build theory or how the case represents other cases.
Instrumental case study
Case study that in some way relates to another situation/study/theory.
When the results of a case study are applied to another study or a theory.
When the results of a case study are applied to other cases.
Interview with a set schedule without any flexibility.
Interview with set schedule, however, deviation is allowed.
Interview with no schedule.
Interview that focuses on "storytelling". Questions like: "Tell me about your childhood".
Interview with a group of people. Discussion where everyone gets a say and researcher acts as facilitator.
Part of interview schedule that needs to be consider as participants might be uncomfortable/unwilling to discuss these parts.
Questions with short answers that yield large amounts of data.
Questions used to start a conversation.
Questions that ask participants to distinguish one concept from another.
Questions that ask the participant to evaluate something. Includes emotions
Word for word transcription of what the participant and interviewer say.
Postmodern transcription techniques
Transcription technique that involves more than just what is being said (laughter, smiles, sighs, etc.)
Important process that the interviewer should go through before the interview.
Inductive Content Analysis
Method of analyzing data that defines raw themes. Themes are then clustered and explained in a summarizing table.
Reflective method in which participants are allowed to see the conclusions made by researchers to see if they agree.
Ethical considerations, Sampling techniques, Data recording, Transcription, type of interview (+2...may have considered /or/ did consider)
Refers to the degree to which a study accurately reflects or assess the specific concept that the researcher is attempting to measure.
to the degree to which a study accurately reflects or asses the specific concept that the researcher is attempting to measure.
The degree to which layman terms refer to what is being tested and how relevant a method is to the aim (are you accurately testing what you're aiming to test?)
The extent to which a study's result (regardless of whether the study is quantitative or qualitative) can be generalized or applied to other people or settings.