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PAR Training (Remediation) - Module 2
Terms in this set (18)
Name the five levels of human needs according to Maslow
1. Physiological Needs
2. Safety Needs
3. Love/Belonging Needs
4. Esteem Needs
5. Self-Actualization Needs
What is Physiological needs?
1. Physiological needs - Needs that living things require to function, like food, water, air, and sleep.
What is Safety Needs?
Need for protection and security (shelter, protection from harm)
What is Love/Belonging Needs?
The need to love, be loved and feel accepted by others. These needs are met through people around us who are loving, nurturing and supportive.
What is Esteem Needs
These needs relate to feeling good about oneself through confidence, achievement and respect.
What is Self-Actualization Needs
The instinctual need of humans to make the most of their abilities, to test their limits, and to strive to be the best they can.
What is cognitive development?
Cognitive development - "Brain" development
What is social development?
Ability to get along with others and form relationships.
What is emotional development?
Ability to manage one's emotions and think realistically.
Describe the relationship between unmet needs and youth behavior.
When a youth's basic needs continue to go unmet, the youth suffers from troubled development. The youth also learns to distrust and often becomes hostile, aggressive, or depressed. Many of the youth's behaviors are motivated by their often-unconscious efforts to satisfy unmet needs that exist physiologically and emotionally. Finally, the youth often will engage in extreme behaviors in an effort to have his/her needs met.
What do you think deprivation might mean for the development of many of our youth?
Many of them have probably had a troubled development and are most likely behind developmentally. Many of them are probably lacking in cognitive, social, and emotional capabilities. Because many of our youth have experienced times in their lives when they could not count on having their basic needs met, they have become distrustful, aggressive, or depressed. Many of them lack age-appropriate levels of self-control and engage in high-risk, antisocial behaviors.
the personal experience of interpersonal violence including sexual abuse, physical abuse, severe neglect, loss, and/or the witnessing of violence, terrorism, and disasters.
Define stress response
Our bodies react to trauma situations with a stress
response or the "fight or flight" response. That is the
body's rapid and automatic switch into "high gear."
Describe the relationship between past experiences
and youth behavior.
There may be things in the environment that subconsciously remind the youth of the fear and vulnerability that they felt. They may react out of a stress response and not be thinking logically.
Describe possible youth reactions to unmet needs.
Anger, rage, Running or avoidance, Dangerous re-enactment behavior, Recklessness, Protective aggression, Shame, guilt, Revenge
Describe trauma triggers and .
Triggers are events or experiences that cause someone
to feel the way they did when they first experienced a
Give 5 examples of trauma triggers
1. A smell
2. A tone of voice
3. A time of day
4. A certain touch
5. Related to the environment (small spaces, lighting, color or decoration, etc.)
Why is it important to consider that many of our
youth have been traumatized?
Youth may over react out of fear or unconscious
memories of trauma requiring PAR verbal
techniques to help he/she calm down.
A basic understanding of what our youth may have
experienced before they came to us will help staff
resolve behavioral problems without taking it
personally or getting upset.
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