27 terms

Chapter 18 Section 3

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Terms in this set (...)

What did Wilson realize immediately after joining the war?
that he must find war a way to pay for the war
How did Wilson pay for the war? (3 ways)
-raised taxes(especially for the wealthy)
-borrow money
-liberty bonds
liberty bonds
a form of loan from the American people to the government
Head of the War Industries Board
Bernard Baruch
Board that made sure the military needs were met before civilians could use/ purchase supplies
War Industries Board
Gave government the power to set prices and establish production controls for food and fuels
Lever Food and Fuel Control Act
In charge of the Food Administration
Herbert Hoover
Food Administration
made sure Americans were conserving food supplies for troops and our allies
gradens that Hoover encouraged Americans to plant
victory gardens
meatless monday
a symbolic symbol of not eating meat - to help with the war effort.
wheatless wednesday
a symbolic symbol of not eating wheat - to help with the war effort.
Set up to help conserve fuel
Fuel Administration
Headed the Fuel Administration
Harry Garfield
Came up with daylight savings time, gas-less sunday and heatless monday
Harry Garfield/Fuel Administration
worked to judge disputes between workers and management
-set policies that sought to improve working conditions for all
national war labor board
an epidemic that spread across Europe and the US between 1918 and 1919
influenza
Who did people blame for spreading influenza
Germans
Committee on Public Information
government organization that produced propaganda to build support for the war
Headed the Committee on Public Information
George Creel
What was the most famous image that the Committee on Public Information created?
Uncle Sam
punished people for aiding the enemy or refusing military duty
Espionage Act
made it illegal for Americans to utter, print, or publish any disloyal language
Sedition Act
Famous case: person sentenced to jail for 10 years for criticizing the US governments prosecution of Americans under the Espionage
Eugene vs. Debs
What amendment did some people think that the Espionage Act and sedition act violated?
The 1st Amendment
Schneck v. United States
Upheld Espionage Acts; limited freedom of speech against the draft and during wartime
official in the American socialist party
Charles Schneck
Convicted for violating the Espionage Act by printing pamphlets that opposed the government's war policies
Charles Schneck