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World History II French Revolution Vocabulary
Terms in this set (32)
The Political and Social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
one of three social classes in France before the French Revolution- the First Estate consisting of the clergy; the Second Estate consiting of the nobility and the Third Estate the rest of the population.
King of France (r.1774-1792 CE). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
France's traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution.
a French congress established by representatives to the Third Estate on June 17,1789, to enact laws and reforms i the name of the French people.
Tennis Court Oath
a pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man
a statement of revolutionary ideals adopted by France's National Assembly in 1789. Influenced by Thomas Jefferson and said all men are equal and have right to property, security , freedom of speech and religion.
created by the National Assembly in 1791, it was a legislative body that had the power to create laws and approve or reject declarations of war, however, the king still held the executive power to enforce laws
In the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages
a machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
Jacobin leader who slowly gained power in 1793, he set out to build a republic of virture by wiping out every trace of France's past; later became the leader of the Committee of Public Safety through which he governed France like a dictator and implemented the Reign of Terror
Commitee of Public Safety
..., a comitee established during the French revolution to identify enemies of the republic. It accomplished this by having anyone suspected crimes against the state arrested.
Reign of Terror
the period, from mid-1793 to mid-1794, when Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens were executed
general; Emperor of France; he seized power in a coup d'état in 1799; he led French armies in conquering much of Europe, placing his relatives in positions of power. Defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, he was exiled on the island of Elba
sudden violent overthrow of a government
a government-run public school in France
an agreement between the Church and a government allowing the Church to exist in a country
This was the civil code put out by Napoleon that granted equality of all male citizens before the law and granted absolute security of wealth and private property. Napoleon also secured this by creating the Bank of France which loyally served the interests of both the state and the financial oligarchy
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy.
a conflict, lasting from 1808 to 1813, in which Spanish Rebels, with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleons French troops out of Spain.
military tactic where people voluntarily burn land and run away to prevent attacking groups from being sustained of their supplies
the battle on 18 June 1815 in which Napoleon met his final defeat, Located in Belgium, the place where the british army and the prussian army forces attacked the french. Napoleon's final defeat against the British and Prussians
Congress of Vienna
Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon I.
Balance of Power
The policy in international relations by which, beginning in the eighteenth century, the major European states acted together to prevent any one of them from becoming too powerful.
Principle by which monarchies that had been unseated by the French Revolution or Napoleon were restored
Concert of Europe
a series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century, devised by Prince Klemens von Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions.
The brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France
Klemens von Metternich
foreign minister of Austria who aimed to maintain the European balance of power and meet an international equilibrium of political and military forces; opposed to the ideas of a dual revolution; defender of his class and privileges and blamed liberalism as cause of war
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