SC History - TSA 5th grade - lesson 3&4

SC History Lesson 3 and 4
Anaconda Plan
Union strategy for defeating the confederacey during the civil war
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle fought in 1862 near Sharpsburg maryland that was an important victory for the Union.
Battle of Bull Run, First
First major battle of the civil war, fought near Manassas Junction, Virginia on July 21, 1861
Shutting off an area by troops or ships to keep people and supplies from moving in or out
law that requires men of a certain age to serve in the militaryy if called
Emancipation Proclamation
statement issued by president Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863 freeing all slaves in confederate states still at was with the union.
South Confederacy
They felt that their rural lifestyle was an advantate to the Civil war
General Winfield Scott
Union General devised the Anaconda Plan
Anaconda Plan
Blockade the Atlantic & Gulf Coasts
Anaconda Plan
Attack from east to west
Anaconda Plan
Conquer land on the Mississippi
Confederate Plan
The Northerners wont last long, they will get tired and give up
Battle of Bull Run
very confusing for lots of soldiers because many soldiers were new to the war.
Soldiers Life
Their food was terrible
Souther Soldiers
they were often barefoot
Emancipation Proclamation
Freed all slaves in states that were in teh Confederacy
Emancipation Proclamationj
This statement caused many freed African Americans to join the war effort
African Americans
they joined the war as soldiers
Massachusettes 54th Regiment
They fought at Fort Wagner in SC - They lost the battle but were considered heroes because of their bravery
Women in the War
served as Spyes, Nurses and served on farms
Battle of Gettysburg
Union victory over confederate forces in 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania that was a turning point in the Civil War
Gettysburg Address
Civil War speech given by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Vicksburg
Union victory over confederate forces in 1863 at Vicksburg, Mississippi, that gave the Union control of the Mississippi River
Method of warfare that involves civilians as atragets and is designed to destroy the opposing army and the peoples will to fight.
Freedmans Bureau
Federal agency set up in 1865 to provide food, schools and medical care to free slaves in the South
15th Amendment
Amendment to the United States Consititution ratified in 1870, that gave male citizenship of all races the right to vote
14th Amendment
Amendment to the US Constitution ratified in 1868 tgat gave African Americans Citizenship and equal protection under the law.
Bringing of charges of wrong doing against an elected official by the floor (Congress)
Jim Crow laws
Laws passed in the South after reconstruction enforcing the segregation of blacks and whites
Separtation of people of different races
System of farming in which farmers rent land and pay the land owner with a share of the crops they raise
Battles of Gettysburg - who won
The Union won
What happened on July 4, 1863
The Union won the Battle of Vicksburg when the South surrendered. This cut the Confederacy in two.
What happened on April 9, 1865
Approximate court house, Lee surrenders to General Grant and the war ends
13th Amedment
passed in December 1865 which abolished slavery
black codes
laws that denied rights to African Americans
Johnsons reconstruction plan
congress felt this plan was to easy on the south
Reconstruction act of 1867
Allowed African American men to vote
Reconstruction act of 1867
Prevent farmer confederate leaders from voting or holding office
14th Amendment
Declars slaves citizens and gives rights
15th Amendment
Gives all male citizens the right to vote