biology chapter 4.1-4.2 vocab

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

weather
the day to day condition of earth's atmosphere
climate
average conditions over a long period of time
microclimates
environmental conditions within a small area that differs significantly from the climate of the surrounding area
greenhouse effect
the process in which certain gases( carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor) trap sunlight in earth's atmosphere as heat
tolerance
ability of an organism to survive and reproduce under circumstances that differ from their optimal conditions
habitat
area where an organism lives including the biotic and abiotic factors that affect it
niche: full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way in which the organism uses those conditions
niche
full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way in which the organism uses those conditions
resource
a necessity of life
predation
interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on another organism
herbivory
interaction in which one animal feeds on producers
keystone species
single species that is not usually abundant in a community yet exerts strong control on the structure of a community
symbiosis
relation in which two species live close together
mutualism
symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship
parasitism
a symbiotic relationship in which one organism lives on or inside another organism and harms it
competitive exclusion principle
principle that states that no two species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at the same time
commensalism
symbiotic relationship in which one organism infers and the others is neither helped nor harmed