49 terms

AP World History

which of the following statements concerning inter-clan relationships in bedouin society is most accurate
inter-clan violence over control of water and pasturage was common
what was the result of inter-clan rivalries
it weakened the bedouin in comparison to neighboring peoples and empires
what clan was responsible for the foundation of Mecca
What was the Ka'ba
the religious shrine that was the focus of an annual truce
What was the major difference between Medina and Mecca
Political dominance in Medina was ocntested between a number of Jewish and bedouin tribes.
which of the following statements most accurately describes the status of women in bedouin society prior to Islam
women in pre-Islamic bedouin culutre enjoyed greater freedom and higher status than those of the Byzantine and Persian Empires.
what was the nature of pre-Islamic bedouin religion
bedouin religion for most clans was a blend of animism and polytheism focusing on the worship of nature spirits
what was the clan into which Muhammad was born
Banu Hashim
what was the initial response of the Umayyads to Muhammad's new faith
they regarded him as a threat to their wealth and power as he questioned the traditional gods of the Ka'ba
what was the principle advantage of the Islamic concept of the ummah
it transcended old tribal boundaries and made possible political unity among Arab clans
which of the following represents a mounting pressure for change in pre-Islamic society greater
Byzantine and Sassanian control over Arabic tribes of the peninsula and Arabic migration to Mesopotamia
which of the following statements concerning Muhammad's flight to Medina is NOT correct
Muhammad fled from Mecca with nearly one quarter of the city's population
the Umayyads were threatened by all of the following developments EXCEPT
Muhammad's destruction of the Ka'ba
What was Muhammad's teachings with respect to the revelations of other monotheistic religions
Muhammad accepted the validity of earlier Christian and Judaic revelations and taught that his own revelations were a final refinement and reformulation of earlier ones
which of the following was NOT a reason for the decline of the Abbasid dynasty by the ninth century AD
the collapse of the cities
which of the following groups did NOT revolt against Abbasid rule
how did the Caliph al-Mahdi resolve the problem of succession in the Abbasid dynasty
he failed to resolve the problem of dynastic succession with disastrous results
what was the fictional account of life at the court of the Caliph al-Rashid
The thousand and one nights
how did the administration of al-Rashid set a trend for subsequent Abbasid rulers
he was at the outset of his reign heavily dependent on Persian advisers, a practice that became commonplace thereafter
what was the result of the civil wars following the deaht of al-Rashid
candidates for the throne recognized the need to build up personal armies, often of slave soldiers
which of the following statements concerning the mercenary armies of the later Abbasid era is NOT accurate
despite their tendency toward random violence, they loyally defended the Abbasid Caliphs
what accounts for the disruption of the agricultural economy of the Abbasid Empire
spiralling taxation, the destruction of the irrigation works, and pillaging by mercenary armies led to destruction and abandonment of many villages
what was the innovation of the Abbasid court with respect to women
the creation of Islamic nunneries
what was the attitude of the Abbasid's towards the institution of slavery the Abbasid elite demanded
growing numbers of both male and female slaves for concubines and domestic service
why were the practices of seclusion and veiling seen as essential in Islamic society
women were believed to be possessed of insatiable lust from which men had to be protected
which of the following statements concerning women during the Abbasid era is most accurate
women often married at puberty, set at age nine
what was the trend of urbanization during much of the Abbasid Empire
despite political disintegration and a decline in agricultural economy, towns continued to grow rapidly
what was the primary language of the later Abbasid court
what was the difference between the Islamic invasions of India and previous incursions of the subcontinent
with the Muslims, the peoples of India encountered for the first time a large-scale influx of invaders with a civilization as sophisticated as their own
how did Islam and Hinduism differ
Islam stressed the egalitarianism of all believers, while Hinduism embraced a caste-based social system
what was Harsha's religious policy
Harsha remained steadfastly loyal to Hinduism and suppressed the few remaining Buddhist monasteries in his empire
which of the following is most correctly seen as a direct descendant of the Roman Empire
Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire lasted from roughly
which of the following territories was always part of the Byzantine Empire
the significance of the Byzantine Empire included all of the following EXCEPT
the empire's conquest of the Ottoman Empire and its inclusion of all of the Middle East
Which of the following does NOT represent a similarity between the spread of civilization in eastern and western Europe
Northern political units rapidly dominated the political sophistication of civilization areas in Asia and North Africa
what was the difference in the military organization of Byzantine and western Roman Empires
the Byzantine Empire recruited men from the Middle East
the name normally given to the form of Christianity that emerged in the Byzantine Empire was
Orthodox Christianity
what Eastern emperor was responsible for the attempted restoration of a united Roman Empire after 533
all of the following were outcomes of Justinian's wars of reconquest EXCEPT
the permanent addition of Rome to the Byzantine Empire
after the seventh century, what group posed the greatest threat to the eastern frontiers of the Byzantine Empire
the Arab Muslims
in which of the following ways were the Byzantine bureaucracy and the Chinese bureaucracy similar
both bureaucracies were open to talented commoners, not just aristocrats
which of the following statements concerning Byzantine military organization is most accurate
the Byzantine Empire recruited troops within the empire by granting heritable land in return for military service
which of the following statements concerning urbanization within the Byzantine Empire is most correct
Constantinople controlled the economy and grew to enormous size, but other cities were relatively small
which of the following statements concerning the merchant class of the Byzantine Empire is most accurate
there was a large and wealthy merchant class in the Byzantine Empire, but it never gained significant political power because of the power of the bureaucracy
the religious controversy over the use of religious images in worhip that broke out in the tenth century was called
the iconoclastic controversy
what two missionaries were responsible for the creation of a written script for Slavic language
Cyril and Methodius
why did Vladimir I prefer Orthodox Christianity to Roman Catholicism
he believed that Roman Catholicism implied papal interference, while Orthodoxy embraced the control of the church by state
of the following statements concerning the Tatar invasion of Russia is most accurate
Tatar supervision did not destroy Russian Christianity or a native Russian aristocracy