50 terms

Chapter 5

A 26-year-old male works in a high-stress sales position. He has a family history of premature heart disease and he is physically inactive. How many risk factors for CVD does he have?
A deficiency of fatty acids can cause:
abnormal brain development in infants.
A family of organic compounds soluble in organic solvents but not in water is called:
About 95% of the lipids in foods and in the human body are:
According to the USDA Food Guide, most adults should limit meat intake to 5 oz./day.
All of the following are found mainly in foods that contain fat except:
vitamin C
All of the following foods are major contributors of healthful fatty acids except:
nondairy creamer, which is high in trans fats.
All of the following problems are associated with low-fat diets except:
they result in nutrient deficiencies.
Approximately what percent calories from fat would be provided by a bowl of soup containing 200 calories and 99 calories from fat?
As fatty acids are absorbed through the intestinal lining for transport through the body, which of the following actions takes place?
large-chain fatty acids are formed into lipoproteins for transport in the blood
As you are deciding how much fat to include in your meal, which aspects of its contribution in foods would you want to consider?
fat in your meal will contribute to satiety, the feeling of fullness after a meal
Characteristics of the essential fatty acids include:
They must be supplied by the diet AND very little fat is needed in the diet to prevent a deficiency
Cholesterol is important in nutrition because:
it is necessary for the production of the emulsifier bile by the liver.
Cholesterol is the best known of the:
Cholesterol is the best known of the:
Cooking oils should be stored in tightly covered containers in order to:
a. prevent them from becoming rancid
b. retard the oxidation process
Current recommendations for heart health are to reduce intake of trans fats in the diet. How would this be best accomplished?
consume as little trans fat as possible because of the harmful health effects that are similar to saturated fats
DRI recommendations concerning intakes of fats include:
a. consume up to 35% of calories as fat
b. keep saturated fat intake as low as possible
EPA and DHA are:
found in the oils of fish.
Fat stored in the body is used as a source of energy when not enough energy is available from food. This process involves:
dismantling stored fat in fat cells and releasing components into blood.
Fatty acids in foods influence the composition of fats in the body.
Fatty acids may differ from one another:
a. in length
b. in degree of saturation
Foods with hidden fat include:
fried foods, sauces, dips, and lunch meats
If the fat in a container is solid at room temperature, what type of fat is it?
saturated fat
Nutrient characteristics of nuts that may lower heart disease risk include:
low in saturated fats
high in fiberes, vegetable protein, and other valuable nutrients inlcuing the antioxidant vitamin E.
Overall, the diets of the Mediterranean people are:
Low in saturated, high in mono-unsaturated and fiber
People should not make efforts to reduce their intakes of food cholesterol very stringently because:
cholesterol-containing foods have a minimal effect on blood cholesterol in most people.
3) cholesterol-containing foods are nutritious and should not be eliminated from the diet.
Research on the benefits of fatty acids and their components has shown that:
seafood-consuming populations have a lower rate of death from heart disease.
Some ground turkey and chicken products in which the skin is ground in are much higher in fats than lean beef.
The Mediterranean Diet Pyramid classifies legumes as:
part of the fruits, vegetables, nuts, and grains group.
Key heart-healthy foods in the Mediterranean diet include all of the following except:
The Mediterranean diet includes an eating style famous for supporting the health of the heart while including foods high in fat.
The benefits of the Mediterranean diet are a result of:
a combination of vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, and seafoods.
The best way to increase consumption of omega-3 fatty acids is to:
consume 2 fish meals per week.
The current advice on following a diet to prevent heart disease is to:
substitute olive oil for saturated and trans fat in spreads and sauces.
The lipoproteins LDL and HDL are important in heart disease risk because of the following properties and actions:
HDL play an important role in scavenging cholesterol from the tissues for disposal.
The major storage form of fats in our body is:
triglycerides, which are made up of fatty acids and glycerol.
The most heart-healthy margarines are those:
which list liquid oil as the first ingredient.
The role of bile in fat digestion is to:
emulsify fats in the small intestine.
To determine whether the main type of fatty acid in a fat is saturated or unsaturated the following guidance can be used:
oils that remain a clear color in the refrigerator are unsaturated.
To protect yourself from consuming too much _____, you would limit your consumption of swordfish, king mackerel, and shark.
Triglycerides consist of:
Three fatty acids AND glycerol
Vegetable oils comprise most of the added fat in the diet because:
fast-food chains use them for frying AND food manufacturers add them to processed foods.
What is the most accurate statement to make about the process of hydrogenation of liquid vegetable oils?
oils that have been hydrogenated are more resistant to oxidation that will spoil them and make them rancid
When attempting to increase intake of the essential fatty acids it would be best to adjust your diet to:
increase intake of fish containing EPA and DHA because of heart health benefits.
When controlling the fat intake in your diet it is best to use the following suggestion:
consume about 20 percent of your daily energy from unsaturated fat in foods you eat.
Which of the following mechanisms is important for the digestion of fat in foods?
bile in the small intestine emulsifies the fat for enzyme action
Which of the following statements best describes individuals who have had their gallbladder removed?
Bile is released directly into the small intestine.
Which of the following words on an ingredient list would alert you to the presence of trans fatty acids in the product?
hydrogenated vegetable oil and shortening
Your diet has been evaluated and you are consuming an average of 2800 calories, 62 grams of saturated fat, and 5 grams of trans fat daily. Are these values within recommendations for heart health?
no, because the energy from saturated fat is higher than the recommended percentage for saturated fat
A 1/2 cup of low-fat granola contains 195 calories wth 36 calories from fat. How many total grams of fat are in this product?