From the end of the Civil War to the turn of the century
the value of manufactures increased sixfold.
A transcontinental railroad was not built before the Civil War because
North-South sectional differences prevented Congress from selecting a route
The transcontinental railroads were financed by:
all of the above (private companies, federal land grants, loans and tax breaks from federal, state, and local governments
Tension between labor and management in the late nineteenth century:
helped generate interest in the doctrine of anarchism
The greatest growth of the Knights of Labor took place
in the mid-1880s, when the union had several successful strikes against the railroads.
The American Federation of Labor
focused on concrete economic gains rather than on social or political reforms.
Violence erupted at the Homestead Works in 1892 when
Henry Frick tried to break a strike by bringing in Pinkertons.
President Grover Cleveland's response to the Pullman Strike was to:
send federal troops to keep the trains running
Which of the following statements about the Socialist Party of America is not true?
It elected mayors in 33 American cities.
A strict Social Darwinist would object to all the following except
a governmental policy of laissez-faire toward business.
Advocates of the social gospel:
believed Christians should love their neighbors and address social problems.
The main idea of Reform Darwinism was that
cooperation, not competition, would better promote progress.
In 1869 the women's movement split on the issue of:
whether or not the movement should concentrate on female suffrage to the exclusion of other feminist causes.
Which of the following statements best describes the status of women's suffrage in the early twentieth century?
Several states, all in the West, had adopted women's suffrage.
When Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner labeled the post-Civil War era the "Gilded Age" they implied that it was characterized by:
widespread greed and corruption.
One issue on which there were clear-cut divisions between Democrats and Republicans in the Gilded Age was:
Which of the following best describes Rutherford B. Hayes and civil service reform?
Hayes was unable to get civil service legislation through Congress, but he set up his own rules for merit appointments.
Chester A. Arthur was
connected with the New York Customs House corruption before he became president.
The Civil Service Reform bill
provided for appointment to a number of government jobs on the basis of competitive exams.
A reference in the 1884 presidential campaign to "rum, Romanism, and rebellion":
(was especially offensive to Irish-Americans, may have cost the rupublican the race, was attributed to a Protestant minister
One major argument Cleveland made for reducing tariffs was that:
the federal government had a surplus of revenue.
Benjamin Harrison was elected president:
although he received fewer popular votes than the loser, Grover Cleveland.
During the first two years of President Benjamin Harrison's term
Congress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the pension rolls of Union veterans greatly increased., Republicans controlled both the White House and Congress.
In the presidential election of 1896, William Jennings Bryan
is correctly described by all the above statements
The so-called crime of '73 referred to:
the congressional decision to drop the provision for the coinage of silver.
All the following were included in the 1892 Omaha Platform of the People's party except
halting the free and unlimited coinage of silver.
You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!" This statement was made by
william jennings bryan
The United States wanted to acquire some control over the Pacific island groups of Samoa and Hawaii
because the islands offered strategic locations for coaling stations and trading posts.
The de Lôme letter
referred to President McKinley as weak and a bidder for the administration of the crowd.
The battleship Maine
became a battle cry in the Spanish-American War, although blame for the explosion could never be fixed.
The Open-Door Policy, if rooted in the self-interest of American businessmen and their desire to exploit Chinese markets, also:
tapped the deep-seated sympathies of those who opposed imperialism.
Roosevelt's intervention in the Russo-Japanese War and the Moroccan dispute:
won him the Nobel Peace Prize of 1906.
Who was president when the United States acquired the right to build a canal across Panama?
When the United States and Colombia could not agree on a price for the Canal Zone:
the Colombian province of Panama rebelled against Colombia.
The Roosevelt Corollary:
stated that the United States could intervene in the affairs of Western Hemisphere countries to forestall the intervention of other powers.
As a result of Japan's show of strength in the Russo-Japanese War
Americans began to doubt the security of the Philippines.
Which of the following best describes the method used by most progressives to solve the problem of economic power and its abuses?
regulate big business
National Child Labor Committee pushed:
for laws banning the widespread employment of young children.
The Hepburn Act of 1906:
authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to set maximum rates for railroads.
In the area of conservation, Theodore Roosevelt:
used the Forest Reserve Act to withdraw over 170 million acres of timberland from use.
Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom platform
proposed vigorous antitrust action to break up corporate concentration.
In his first term as president, Wilson
allowed the spread of Jim Crow practices in the federal government.
Which of the following statements best describes the diplomatic stance of Woodrow Wilson and William Jennings Bryan?
America has a religious duty to spread democracy and moral progress throughout the world
In an effort to topple Huerta's dictatorial government in Mexico, President Wilson:
sent the military to occupy the port of Veracruz.
President Wilson's response to the sinking of the Lusitania:
d. was a series of notes demanding that Germany stop such actions and pay reparations.
President Wilson's secretary of state resigned in 1915 because:
he thought Wilson's note to Germany denouncing the sinking of the Lusitania would draw America closer to war.
The Zimmermann Telegram:
asked for help from Mexico in the case of war between Germany and the United States.
All of the following influenced the U.S. decision to enter the war against Germany except:
the overthrow of the czarist government in Russia.
Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917-1918:
criticism of government leaders or war policies became a crime
The first five of Wilson's Fourteen Points included all of the following except:
increase of global tariffs.
In negotiating with the Big Four over many postwar territorial issues, President Wilson:
ad to compromise his principle of national self-determination
As a result of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia:
he country concluded a separate peace with Germany
the 1919 police strike in Boston
began when several officers protested their long hours and small pay by calling in sick.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were:
two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt.
By the 1910s, the Anti-Saloon League:
had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history.
Who insisted during the Scopes trial that a "great fish" had swallowed Jonah, that Joshua literally made the sun stand still, and that the world was created in 4004 B.C.?
William Jennings Bryan
"The Waste Land," a difficult poem that became the favorite of many modernist readers because of its sense of disillusionment and its suggestion of a burnt-out civilization, was written by:
The Mississippi plan of disenfranchisement included all the following except a:
provision disqualifying anyone who owned less than $300 in personal property.
The lynching of blacks in the South:
increased at about the same time that Jim Crow laws spread through the South.
Who said, "In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the five fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress"?
Booker T. Washington
The Indian tribe that defeated Custer and put up the greatest resistance to U.S. domination was the:
Following the 1867 Report on the Condition of the Indian Tribes, Congress decided that the best way to end Indian wars was:
to force the Indians to live on out-of-the-way reservations.
In the battle of the little bigjorn
some 2,500 Indians annihilated a detachment of more than 200 soldiers.