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From the end of the Civil War to the turn of the century

the value of manufactures increased sixfold.

A transcontinental railroad was not built before the Civil War because

North-South sectional differences prevented Congress from selecting a route

Most workers on the Central Pacific Railroad crews were:


The transcontinental railroads were financed by:

all of the above (private companies, federal land grants, loans and tax breaks from federal, state, and local governments

Jay Gould was

the most notorious of the railroad "robber barons."

John D. Rockefeller:

became a leading philanthropist

The Molly Maguires

aimed to right perceived wrongs against Irish coal workers.

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was provoked by

wage cuts that followed a depression.

Tension between labor and management in the late nineteenth century:

helped generate interest in the doctrine of anarchism

The Knights of Labor:

sought to organize all types of workers

The greatest growth of the Knights of Labor took place

in the mid-1880s, when the union had several successful strikes against the railroads.

The Haymarket Affair:

was blamed, probably unfairly, on seven anarchist leaders.

The American Federation of Labor

focused on concrete economic gains rather than on social or political reforms.

Violence erupted at the Homestead Works in 1892 when

Henry Frick tried to break a strike by bringing in Pinkertons.

The Homestead Strike

took place in Pittsburgh.

President Grover Cleveland's response to the Pullman Strike was to:

send federal troops to keep the trains running

The Pullman Strike ended:

after mail cars were attached to Pullman cars.

Which of the following statements about the Socialist Party of America is not true?

It elected mayors in 33 American cities.

The IWW was effectively destroyed when it:

opposed American involvement in World War 1

Membership in the American Federation of Labor at first

grew slowly

Which area had the greatest proportion of people living in cities

the pacific coast

Urban political bosses

often were the biggest source of assistance for city dwellers

After 1890 most immigrants were

Jews and Catholics

Ellis Island was located right outside the port of:

New York City

Nativism led to

a movement to exclude illiterates

Herbert Spencer

Coined the phrase "survival of the fittest"

Vauldville provided:

variety shows for men, women, and children.

All of the following forms of public entertainment were accessible to women except:


Women's access to higher education:

improved shortly after the Civil War.

Mark Twain:

was the first great writer from west of the Appalachians.

A strict Social Darwinist would object to all the following except

a governmental policy of laissez-faire toward business.

Advocates of the social gospel:

believed Christians should love their neighbors and address social problems.

The main idea of Reform Darwinism was that

cooperation, not competition, would better promote progress.

The poor were helped by

urban machines

Frank Norris, Stephen Crane, and Jack London belonged to a literary movement called:


Progress and Poverty argued that

nobody had the right to the value accrued from the land.

The New York Consumers League

sought to make the public aware of degrading labor conditions.

Chicagos hull house was designed to assist

slum dwellers

In 1869 the women's movement split on the issue of:

whether or not the movement should concentrate on female suffrage to the exclusion of other feminist causes.

Which of the following statements best describes the status of women's suffrage in the early twentieth century?

Several states, all in the West, had adopted women's suffrage.

When Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner labeled the post-Civil War era the "Gilded Age" they implied that it was characterized by:

widespread greed and corruption.

One issue on which there were clear-cut divisions between Democrats and Republicans in the Gilded Age was:

the tariff

Of the following, which would most likely have been a Gilded Age Republican?

a prohibitionist

Which of the following best describes Rutherford B. Hayes and civil service reform?

Hayes was unable to get civil service legislation through Congress, but he set up his own rules for merit appointments.

Chester A. Arthur was

connected with the New York Customs House corruption before he became president.

The Civil Service Reform bill

provided for appointment to a number of government jobs on the basis of competitive exams.

A reference in the 1884 presidential campaign to "rum, Romanism, and rebellion":

(was especially offensive to Irish-Americans, may have cost the rupublican the race, was attributed to a Protestant minister

Grover Cleveland:

was the first Democrat elected to the White House since the Civil War.

Grover Cleveland showed political courage when he vetoed legislation favored by

Union veterans.

One major argument Cleveland made for reducing tariffs was that:

the federal government had a surplus of revenue.

The Interstate Commerce Act:

was created to regulate railroads.

Benjamin Harrison was elected president:

although he received fewer popular votes than the loser, Grover Cleveland.

During the first two years of President Benjamin Harrison's term

Congress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the pension rolls of Union veterans greatly increased., Republicans controlled both the White House and Congress.

Which of the following groups did not support increased coinage of silver?

elite business leaders

Following the 1893 depression, Coxey's Army:

demanded government jobs for the unemployed.

In the presidential election of 1896, William Jennings Bryan

is correctly described by all the above statements

The so-called crime of '73 referred to:

the congressional decision to drop the provision for the coinage of silver.

The subtreasury plan

allowed farmers to secure low-interest government loans

All the following were included in the 1892 Omaha Platform of the People's party except

halting the free and unlimited coinage of silver.

In the presidential election of 1892, the Populist candidate

won about a million votes

You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!" This statement was made by

william jennings bryan

Americans felt secure after the Civil War because:

wide oceans acted as buffers on each side

Alfred Thayer Mahan:

argued that sea power was essential to national greatness.

The United States wanted to acquire some control over the Pacific island groups of Samoa and Hawaii

because the islands offered strategic locations for coaling stations and trading posts.

Queen Liliuokalani

tried to reclaim power over Hawaii

The term yellow journalism arose from:

the circulation war between two New York newspapers.

The de Lôme letter

referred to President McKinley as weak and a bidder for the administration of the crowd.

The battleship Maine

became a battle cry in the Spanish-American War, although blame for the explosion could never be fixed.

The Teller Amendment:

disclaimed any American designs on Cuban territory.

The first major victory for American forces in the Spanish-American War was at

Manila Bay

In the Spanish-American War

more American soldiers died from disease than from battle

During the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt:

took part in the land fighting in Cuba.

The Secretary of State who proclaimed the Open-Door Policy toward China was

John Hay

The Open-Door Policy, if rooted in the self-interest of American businessmen and their desire to exploit Chinese markets, also:

tapped the deep-seated sympathies of those who opposed imperialism.

The treaty ending the Spanish-American War:

provided for Hawaiian autonomy.

Emilio Aguinaldo:

was the Filipino rebel leader.

William McKinley was assassinated

by Leon Czolgosz.

The publisher of the New York Journal was:

William Randolph Hearst.

The Platt Amendment:

sharply restricted the independence of Cuba's new government.

Roosevelt's intervention in the Russo-Japanese War and the Moroccan dispute:

won him the Nobel Peace Prize of 1906.

Who was president when the United States acquired the right to build a canal across Panama?

Teddy Rosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt:

loved the outdoors and was, for a brief time, a cowboy.

When the United States and Colombia could not agree on a price for the Canal Zone:

the Colombian province of Panama rebelled against Colombia.

The Roosevelt Corollary:

stated that the United States could intervene in the affairs of Western Hemisphere countries to forestall the intervention of other powers.

As a result of Japan's show of strength in the Russo-Japanese War

Americans began to doubt the security of the Philippines.

The Seventeenth Amendment:

authorized the popular election of senators.

The commission plan of city government was first adopted in:


Which of the following best describes the method used by most progressives to solve the problem of economic power and its abuses?

regulate big business

The muckrakers saw their primary objective as:

Exposing social problems to the public

Progressives concerned with social justice called for:

All of the above

National Child Labor Committee pushed:

for laws banning the widespread employment of young children.

The Hepburn Act of 1906:

authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to set maximum rates for railroads.

The Clayton Antitrust Act:

was more lenient toward big business than was the Sherman Antitrust Act.

In the area of conservation, Theodore Roosevelt:

used the Forest Reserve Act to withdraw over 170 million acres of timberland from use.

At the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in 1911:

146 workers died as a result of a fire.

The Ballinger-Pinchot controversy:

contributed to the growing rift between Taft and Roosevelt.

In the 1908 presidential race:

the Democrats once again nominated Bryan.

Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom platform

proposed vigorous antitrust action to break up corporate concentration.

louis d brandies

influenced Wilson's New Freedom.

Woodrow Wilson was:

a college proffesor

Which candidate was shot during the 1912 presidential campaign?

theodore roosevelt

he election of 1912:

is correctly described by all the above statements.

The first Jewish member of the Supreme Court was:

Louis D. Brandeis

In his first term as president, Wilson

allowed the spread of Jim Crow practices in the federal government.

The cornerstone of Wilson's antitrust program was:

the Federal Trade Commission.

In the progressive period:

voter turnout increased.

Which of the following statements best describes the diplomatic stance of Woodrow Wilson and William Jennings Bryan?

America has a religious duty to spread democracy and moral progress throughout the world

In an effort to topple Huerta's dictatorial government in Mexico, President Wilson:

sent the military to occupy the port of Veracruz.

All the following were members of the Triple Entente excep


The event that triggered World War I in Europe was:

Serb's assassination of the Austrian archduke.

President Wilson's response to the sinking of the Lusitania:

d. was a series of notes demanding that Germany stop such actions and pay reparations.

President Wilson's secretary of state resigned in 1915 because:

he thought Wilson's note to Germany denouncing the sinking of the Lusitania would draw America closer to war.

The Zimmermann Telegram:

asked for help from Mexico in the case of war between Germany and the United States.

The congressional resolution for war

passed overwhelmingly

All of the following influenced the U.S. decision to enter the war against Germany except:

the overthrow of the czarist government in Russia.

Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917-1918:

criticism of government leaders or war policies became a crime

The Food Administration

taught Americans to plant victory gardens and to use leftovers wisely

The most important of all the mobilization agencies was the:

War industries board

The largest American action of the war was:

The meuse-argonne offensive

The first five of Wilson's Fourteen Points included all of the following except:

increase of global tariffs.

In negotiating with the Big Four over many postwar territorial issues, President Wilson:

ad to compromise his principle of national self-determination

As a result of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia:

he country concluded a separate peace with Germany

the 1919 police strike in Boston

began when several officers protested their long hours and small pay by calling in sick.

he Red Scare of 1919-1920 was directed against:

impact of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were:

two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt.

The immigration quora laws passed in the 1920s

favored immigrants from northern and western Europe.

By the 1910s, the Anti-Saloon League:

had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history.

The scopes trial

concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools.

The amendment barring the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors was ratified in:


Which amendment to the Constitution gave women the right to vote?


Who insisted during the Scopes trial that a "great fish" had swallowed Jonah, that Joshua literally made the sun stand still, and that the world was created in 4004 B.C.?

William Jennings Bryan

"The Waste Land," a difficult poem that became the favorite of many modernist readers because of its sense of disillusionment and its suggestion of a burnt-out civilization, was written by:

TS eliot

The major prophet of the New South was:

Henry W Grady

sharecroppers and tenant farmers

Increased in number after the civil war

The pittsburghh of the south was so named because of its steel production was:

Birmingham, Alabama

One irony of segrgation is that it opened up

new economic opprotunites for the blacks

In the late 1800s, the South experienced major increases in the production of:

all of the above

Under bourban rule in the south, State spending

dramatically declined

The postwar South suffered from the acute shortage of


The disenfranchisement of blacks in the South

all of the above

The Mississippi plan of disenfranchisement included all the following except a:

provision disqualifying anyone who owned less than $300 in personal property.

In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court

upheld a Louisiana segregation law

Ida B wells became famous for

leading a camplaign against lynching

The lynching of blacks in the South:

increased at about the same time that Jim Crow laws spread through the South.

Booker T. Washington:

was born of a slave mother and a white father.

Who said, "In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the five fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress"?

Booker T. Washington

The Comstock Lode was:

in nevada

Buffalo soldiers were

black soldiers who served in the wst

The Indian tribe that defeated Custer and put up the greatest resistance to U.S. domination was the:


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