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120 terms

Root Words

COMMON ROOT WORDS/ADJECTIVES
STUDY
PLAY
abdomin-
abdomen
acro-
extremities; height
aden-
gland
adip/o
fat
andr/o
male
angi/o
vessel
append/o
appendage
arteri-
artery
arthr-
joint
blephar-
eyelid
carcin/o
cancerous
cardi/o
heart
carp-
wrist
caud-
tail
cephal/o
head
cerebr-, encephal-
brain
cheil/o-
lip
chemo-
pertaining to a chemical
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
chondr/o-
cartilage
col/o
large intestine
costo-
rib
cutane/o
skin
crani/o-
skull, cranium
cyst-
cyst containing fluid; urinary bladder
cyt-
cell
cry/o
cold
dactyl-
finger
dent/o
tooth
derm-
skin
dextro-
right
digit-
finger
dors-
back
epi-
upon
enter-
intestines
estr/o
female
gastr/o
stomach
gen/o
to produce
gingiv/o
gum
gloss
tongue
glyco-
sugar, sweet
gnath-
jaw
gravid-
pregnant
gynec/o
women, female
hem-, hemat-
blood
hepat/o
liver
hist/o
tissue
hydro-
wet, water
hyster
uterus
ileo
ileum
irid-
iris
iso-
equal
kerat/o-
cornea/eye; rough/scaly
lamin/o-
thin flat part (vertebra)
lapar/o-
abdominal wall
later/o
- side of
lith/o-
stone/calculus
lumb-
lower back
malacia
softening
mamm-, mast-
breast
medi-
middle
meninges
membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
metacarp-
hand bones
metatars-
foot bones
myelin
white, liquid, fatty substance surrounding some nerve fibers
myo-
muscle
myel/o
spinal cord or bone marrow
myring/o-, tympan/o-
eardrum
necr/o
death
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
noct
night
ocul/o
eye
onc-
tumor
oophor/o
ovary
ophthalm-
eye
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
orexia
appetite
para
to bear offspring
paresis
partial parálisis
partum
birth; labor
path/o
disease
ped-, pod-
foot
pelv-
pelvic
phagia
eat: swallow
phasia
speech
phalang/o
fingers, toes
pharyng/o
throat; pharynx
phleb
vein
phonia
voice
pneum/o, pulmon/o-
lungs
poiesis
formation/production
posterio-
behind
prandial
meal
procto
rectum
rhino
nose
sarc-
related to the flesh or connective tissue
scirrh/o
hard
sclera/o
hardening
scoli/o
crooked/bent
sinistro-
left
spasm
twitching, cramp
spleen/o-
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebra
stenosis
narrowing, stricture
stetho
chest
stomato
mouth
tetra-
four
thermo-
heat
thorac/o
chest
thromb-
clot
trache-
trachea
trachy-
rough
uter-
uterus
vas-
vessel
ventr/o
belly side of body
viscer/o
internal organs
xero-
dry