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Reformation and Religious Wars
Terms in this set (28)
The 16th century religious, political, intellectual, and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era.
Justification by Faith
It is the repentance of sins to receive grace from God and heaven can be reached through your faith in Christ, not by good works. This belief was held by the Protestants.
Relating to worldly as opposed to spiritual affairs, this was a problem with the Catholic church that was brought up by the reformation.
The Catholic church believed that it is a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven.
Belief in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.
Diet of Worms
A meeting of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V's imperial "diet" at Worms in 1521, at which Martin Luther was summoned to appear. Luther committed himself there to the cause of Protestant reform, and his teaching was formally condemned in the Edict of Worms.
Papal infallibility is a dogma of the Catholic church that states that in virtue of the promise of Jesus to Peter, the Pope is preserved from the possibility of error.
An alliance of people or groups formed for an illicit purpose.
The conversion of the substance of the Eucharistic elements into the body and blood of Christ at consecration, only the appearances of bread and wine still remaining.
A Protestant break away that emphasized baptism as adults. They lived very simplistic life in order to avoid the sin associated with worldly pleasures.
The custom of having more than one wife or husband at the same time.
The divine foreordaining of all that will happen, especially with regard to the salvation of some and not others.
The view that a person's duty is to achieve success through hard work and thrift, such success being a sign that one is saved.
To select fro divine mercy or favor, especially for salvation.
Act of Supremacy
Put into place in 1534 by Henry VIII that granted the monarch of England as the head of the church.
Act of Uniformity
Passed by Parliament in 1549 it made the Book of Common Prayer as the legal form of worship in England.
The period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation beginning with the Council of Trent.
A member of the Society Jesus who focused their efforts on missionary work.
Council of Trent
Held between 1545 and 1563 was one of the Roman Catholic Church's most important ecumenical councils.
An elder of the Christian Church.
Doubting the truth of something which is what led to Luther's 95 theses.
Thirty Year's War
A war waged in the early 17th century that involved France, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, and numerous states of Germany. The causes of the war were rooted in the national rivalries and in conflict between Roman Catholics and Protestants.
Largely Calvinist, they suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Catholic majority, and many thousands emigrated from France.
St Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Occurred in 1572 was a targeted assassinations and a wave of Catholic mob violence, directed against the Huguenots.
A German princely family who wore the imperial crown of the Holy Roman Empire almost uninterruptedly.
Edict of Nantes
Document that granted the Calvinist Protestants of France substantial rights in the nation, which was majority Catholic at the time.
A monastery and palace of Central Spain commissioned by Philip II to commemorate a victory over the French.
Treaty of Westphalia
A series of treaties that once and for all ended the religious wars of the 16th century.
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