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restorative justice is especially concerned with repairing the harm to the...
relationships between offenders and victims
one of the rationales for diversion is that the stigma of being formally arrested, tried, and convicted can actually encourage more criminal behavior
sanctions that move offenders from higher levels of control to lower ones for the final phase of their sentences
trap/side door programs
which of the following is typical of a probation condition
remaining or becoming employeed
the principle, advocated by Bentham, that the highest objective of public policy is the greatest happiness for the largest number of people is:
prisons, or institutions in which large numbers of convicted offenders spend time as punishment for crimes, are over a thousand years old
a sentence in which a judge specifies a mazimum length and a minimum length is called
the public accounts, contract, convict lease, and state use systems are all part of
industrial era of prisons
a jail with multiple-occupancy cells or dorms that line corridors arranged like spokes
first gen. jail
the process of changing criminal lifestyles "correcting" behavior through treatment, education, or training
a system of prison industry in with the prison advertised for bids for the employment of prisoners whose labor was sold to the highest bidder
system called for solitary confinement at labor, with instruction in labor, morals, and religion
discretionary parole board release was abolished in a number of states and the fed gov. the pendulum swung from rehab to
cell phone confiscation from prisoners is one of the newer challenges faced by correctional staff members
prison populations have increased in the US because of
increased prosecutions and convictions relating to drugs
cultural restrictions on behavior that forbid serious violations of a groups values, such as murder, rape, and robbery
probation is less expensive than incarceration, more humanitarian, and at least as effective as incarceration in reducing future criminal activity
payments made by a criminal offender to their victim as compensation for the harm caused by the offense
the halting or suspension, before conviction, of formal criminal proceedings against a person, conditional upon some form of counter-performance by the defendant
a punishment philosophy that holds that criminal offenders are morally blameworthy and are therefore deserving of punishment
the conditional release of a convicted offender into the community under the supervision of a probation officer
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce an offender's capability to commit future crimes is called incapacitation
diversion in which charges are dismissed if the defendant satisfactorily completes treatment, counseling, or other programs ordered by the justice system
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