50 terms

Corrections Midterm

restorative justice is especially concerned with repairing the harm to the...
relationships between offenders and victims
if you punish an individual seeking to change that person's behavior
one of the rationales for diversion is that the stigma of being formally arrested, tried, and convicted can actually encourage more criminal behavior
sanctions that move offenders from higher levels of control to lower ones for the final phase of their sentences
trap/side door programs
a sentencing goal that involves retaliation against a criminal perpetrartor
which of the following is typical of a probation condition
monetary penalties
drug testing
remaining or becoming employeed
the principle, advocated by Bentham, that the highest objective of public policy is the greatest happiness for the largest number of people is:
the repetition of criminal behavior, generally defined as rearrest, is called
retribution really means "paying back" the offender for what he has done
prisons, or institutions in which large numbers of convicted offenders spend time as punishment for crimes, are over a thousand years old
a sentence in which a judge specifies a mazimum length and a minimum length is called
indeterminate sentencing
the public accounts, contract, convict lease, and state use systems are all part of
industrial era of prisons
to deal with the growing prison population many countries used floating prison ships called
the term "gaol" means
jail/ prison
if a prosecutor drops charges after filing them
a jail with multiple-occupancy cells or dorms that line corridors arranged like spokes
first gen. jail
beating/ whipping
juveniles can never be held in an adult jail
which sentencing option is the most expensive?
bootcamp, incarceration
the process of changing criminal lifestyles "correcting" behavior through treatment, education, or training
the type of crime characterized by all of parties willingly participating
victimless crime
the most honorable form of punishment for men was
external classification determines
an inmates security level
a system of prison industry in with the prison advertised for bids for the employment of prisoners whose labor was sold to the highest bidder
contract system
the "evidence" that evidence based corrections is based on highly controversial
system called for solitary confinement at labor, with instruction in labor, morals, and religion
Pennsylvania system
discretionary parole board release was abolished in a number of states and the fed gov. the pendulum swung from rehab to
cell phone confiscation from prisoners is one of the newer challenges faced by correctional staff members
prison populations have increased in the US because of
increased prosecutions and convictions relating to drugs
cultural restrictions on behavior that forbid serious violations of a groups values, such as murder, rape, and robbery
probation is less expensive than incarceration, more humanitarian, and at least as effective as incarceration in reducing future criminal activity
instant death was usually reserved for member of the poorer classes and not the nobility
what percentage of women in jail have children under 18yrs
payments made by a criminal offender to their victim as compensation for the harm caused by the offense
Lex talionis
eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth
the halting or suspension, before conviction, of formal criminal proceedings against a person, conditional upon some form of counter-performance by the defendant
a punishment philosophy that holds that criminal offenders are morally blameworthy and are therefore deserving of punishment
just deserts
rate of incarceration for women is
67 per 100,000
the religious order that pushed for prison reform of the Walnut Street Jail
the conditional release of a convicted offender into the community under the supervision of a probation officer
the auburn system is also known as
congregate system
a crime punishable by confinement in a local jail for a year or less
sentences that are served together
concurrent sentence
the use of imprisonment or other means to reduce an offender's capability to commit future crimes is called incapacitation
diversion in which charges are dismissed if the defendant satisfactorily completes treatment, counseling, or other programs ordered by the justice system
conditional diversion
for more than 200 years, England practiced a form of criminal exile known as
the process by which a court arrives at a final decision in a case is called
the formal termination of an offender's conditional freedom is called
the first jail in america was
Walnut Street Jail
after the american revolution, england sent its prisoners to