Basic Computer Terms
Computer terms - all grades
Terms in this set (30)
To select an object by pressing the mouse button.
To close a window that has been opened for viewing and / or editing.
A machine that processes data according to a set of instructions that are stored internally.
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
1) Central Processor Unit--the main chip on the computer that makes everything go. Like the computer's brain.
2) The box that holds the guts of the computer.
Your computer or application no longer works correctly and so you "loose" all the work you've done since the last time you saved.
An on-screen representation of a desktop such as used in the Macintosh and Windows operating systems.
Files you create and edit.
To press the mouse button twice in rapid succession without moving the mouse between clicks.
To move an object on screen in which its complete movement is visible from starting location to destination.
To make a change to existing data.
In a graphical user interface (GUI), a small, pictorial, on screen representation of an object, such as a document, program, folder or disk drive.
This if the primary text input device. It also contains certain standard function keys, such as the Escape key, tab, and arrow keys, shift and control keys, and sometimes other manufacturer-customized keys.
The brand name of a family of personal computers (hardware) and an operating system (software) from Apple, introduced in 1984.
Mega = million so Mb is 1,000,000 bytes. It's enough information for the computer to store one character (e.g. "h"), so 1mb text file = 1,000,000 keystrokes in that file. Just to confound the masses, although RAM and Disk Space do something completely different we measure both in megabytes. This leads to confusion.
Displays a list of commands, some with images next to them.
Pointing device that allows you to tell the computer what to do.
System software that allows your computer to work.
This stands for Random Access Memory. You can think of this as the "space" where you computer does its processing. The more space you have the more processes you can run at the same time. More RAM is always better than less. You can never have much RAM.
Place where you put files and folders that you may later want to delete or get rid of. Compare Trash.
To press the right button on the mouse. (This is Windows specific. On a Mac running System 8 or higher, you hold down the Control key and then click to get the same effect.)
Tell the computer to create a file on disk that has the information you've put into the document.
Give the file a name and/or store the file in a certain place.
Instructions that tell the computer what to do.
Allows you to move around through your document.
The most widely used operating system for personal computers from Microsoft.
A scanner is an input device that scans documents such as photographs and pages of text.
A printer is an output device that prints paper documents.
An output device that allows you hear sound from the computer
A computer peripheral is any external device that provides input and output for the computer.
The term "monitor" is often used synonymously with "computer screen" or "display." The monitor displays the computer's user interface and open programs
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