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48 terms

Renaissance Live Chat and Podcast

this is from the renaissance live chat if you missed it :) also from the podcast vocab, short answer, discussion questions 15 vocab, mixture of terms, names of people, and works that were completed by people
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Humanities
ancient subjects that during the renaissance people had an interest in studying again; includes rhetoric, history, literature and poetry
Annul
cancels a marriage like it never existed
Vernacular
the common, everyday language that is used instead of latin
Heliocentric
the sun-centered model of our solar system
City-State
a city with its surrounding territory that acts independently like its own country or state
Heresy
claims or criticisms that go against the church
Heretic
someone who is guilty of heresy
Excommunicate
to be banished from the church; to be no longer welcomed
Perspective
a technique that brings distance into paintings or drawings
Theology
study of religion and God
Theocracy
a type of government where the church leaders run the government
Patron
a financial supporter of the arts
Engravings
carvings or designs placed in metal
Utopia
the perfect, ideal place that was written by Thomas Moore
Utopian
a person or quality about a person, searching for perfection
Indulgences
being forgiven from sin
Predestination
when God choses whether a person goes to heaven or hell before they are born
Humanism
an intellectual movement that focuses on the secular world
Who preached the idea of Predestination?
John Calvin
Justification by Faith
means that faith and faith alone will get you into heaven; Luther believed this
Papal Supremacy
believing that the Pope was the most powerful and important person that there was under God
Act of Supremacy
Henry VIII breaks from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England which he was the head of
"The end justifies the means"
it doesn't matter how you reach your goal as long as you reach it
Scientific Method
a step by step process based on observations and experimentation; repetition is the most important step
Isaac Newton
he proves everyone correct, Galileo, Bacon, Descartes, Kepler, Copernicus, and Brahe; proved the 'Laws of gravity'
The Prince
a guide to gaining and maintaining power; written by Niccolo Machiavelli
Albrecht Durer
famous for his engravings; known as the "German Leonardo" b/c he studied Leonardo; famous for his self portraits - made himself look like Jesus
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
the book that Calvin writes and is about how to set up a good protestant church
Francis Bacon
The scientist who contributes the observation and experimentation steps
Don Quixote
a character that mocks chivalry and was written by Miquel de Cervantes
Rene Descartes
Added the idea of human reasoning or analyze; wrote "I think therefore I am"
Recant
to take back your beliefs
Renaissance
Era of time during the 1300s to the 1500s where culture and arts flourished
renaissance
a french word meaning rebirth or revival of culture and learning
Secular
the world outside of religion
The Book of the Courtier
written by Castiglione; a code of conduct for the courtier; writes about the ideal man and woman
Scapegoat
a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of
Ghettos
a part of a city, esp. a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups
Ignatius of Loyola
first leader under Pope Paul III
Copernicus
came up with the heliocentric model or theory
Galileo
uses the telescope to further support Copernicus's theory; got in most trouble with the church; had to recant his beliefs
Three Geniuses
Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael Sanzio
Leonardo da Vinci
famous for his notebooks; remembered as an artist although that was the least of what he did; an inventor, artist, and medical examiner; studied the human anatomy by doing human autopsies
Michelangelo
sculptor and artist; painted the Sistine Chapel's ceiling; sculpted the statue of David and Cieta; designed the dome for St Peter's Cathedral in Vatican City
Miquel de Cervantes
wrote Don Quixote and it mocks chivalry
Niccolo Machiavelli
mostly remembered for writing about government; wrote the book "The Prince" which is a guide on how to gain and maintain power
Castiglione
wrote "The Book of the Courtier" which was a code of conduct for the courtier; writes about the idea man and woman
Raphael Sanzio
mostly remembered for his painting of the Madonna or mother of Jesus