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ancient subjects that during the renaissance people had an interest in studying again; includes rhetoric, history, literature and poetry
a city with its surrounding territory that acts independently like its own country or state
Justification by Faith
means that faith and faith alone will get you into heaven; Luther believed this
believing that the Pope was the most powerful and important person that there was under God
Act of Supremacy
Henry VIII breaks from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England which he was the head of
a step by step process based on observations and experimentation; repetition is the most important step
he proves everyone correct, Galileo, Bacon, Descartes, Kepler, Copernicus, and Brahe; proved the 'Laws of gravity'
famous for his engravings; known as the "German Leonardo" b/c he studied Leonardo; famous for his self portraits - made himself look like Jesus
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
the book that Calvin writes and is about how to set up a good protestant church
The Book of the Courtier
written by Castiglione; a code of conduct for the courtier; writes about the ideal man and woman
uses the telescope to further support Copernicus's theory; got in most trouble with the church; had to recant his beliefs
Leonardo da Vinci
famous for his notebooks; remembered as an artist although that was the least of what he did; an inventor, artist, and medical examiner; studied the human anatomy by doing human autopsies
sculptor and artist; painted the Sistine Chapel's ceiling; sculpted the statue of David and Cieta; designed the dome for St Peter's Cathedral in Vatican City
mostly remembered for writing about government; wrote the book "The Prince" which is a guide on how to gain and maintain power
wrote "The Book of the Courtier" which was a code of conduct for the courtier; writes about the idea man and woman
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