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Terms in this set (40)
In the past _________ years, computers have changed the world.
Not long ago, the typical worker did/didn't use the computer on the job.
Customers did/didnt order products online or scan ID cards to receive benefits for frequent shopping.
In the past, accounting was done using _______.
Early computers were used a little more/less than high-speed computers.
Computers have had a huge impact to our world due to what?
The vision and desire of software developers
Who created thousands of ideas and ways in which to use computers?
Do software and hardware often play similar roles and perform similar tesks, or are they completely different?
They are similar
What are examples of hardware?
Keyboard, monitor, mouse, etc
What is hardware?
Anything you can touch
The process of using an input device to enter data
Using ___________, you interact with the softeare by typing commands such as providing a name for a word-processing document.
Why can't you touch software?
It has no substance
Programming code written to provide instructios to hardware so it can perform tasks
What are some examples of software/
Printing or saving a document
Hardware and software interact as computer ___________ data.
Specific programmed instuctrions tells the compyter how to ______ the data.
__________ tells the hardwar ewhat to do.
Why should software instructions format the data correctly?
So you can understand it when you see it on the monitor, print it, or hear it through speakers.
When people say "it's a software problem," what does it really mean?
Ther's a problem with the computer or dta, not the computer or hardware itself.
With software and hardware, one has little ________ without the other.
The way hardware and software interact with each other allows us to use the computer to complete different ______.
How does a computer process data?
By applying rules called algorithms
Set of clearly defined, logical steps that solve a problem
ALgorithms ust be performed ________.
You can/can't assume he or she knows anything about the task at hand when designing an algorithm
Whena programmer writes software instructions for a computer, every step must give ________ instructions.
A computer can't do anything without being instructed to do it through what?
Programmed software commands
What's the first step in writing an algorithm?
Write it in plain English(or French, Chinese or Portuguese, depending on the spoken language of the programmer)
What's the second step in writing an algorrithm/
Rewrite the steps of the task in formal programming language
When when written in ____________, the computer still won't understand the instructions.
Formal programming language
A specialized computer program translates the programming language to _________ language so the computer can understand.
How can a programmer instruct the computer how to do a simple task/
The programmer, must break thixs down into many steps
multistep process that usually begins when someone recognizes a need to perform a task more efficiently and/or efficiently using a computer
Shows different plans the program will take depending on what data is inputted
What happens after a flowchart is created?
The programmer writes the steps in a computer programming language or code that uses syntax
Rules for how the words are used together
The computer takes the code, translates it to a language it understands and uses commands to _______ the program
What happens if someone enters a a line of code with a small error in the syntax or spelling?
It can result in very different results than the programmers wre expecting
Finding and correcting errors in the code
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