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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Ch. 11 Test
Terms in this set (52)
What city/state would serve as the Confederate capital?
At the start of the war, most Union troops had only signed on to fight for _________ (#) days.
True/False : Casualties are only those soldiers who are killed while fighting or die from wounds sustained in battle.
Which Confederate general earned a nickname at the 1st Battle of Bull Run, and what was the nickname?
Thomas Jonathan, Stonewall
This section mentions the addition of a new state to the Union. Which state is it?
List 2 advantages the North had at the start of the War.
twice as much railroad as the South and twice as many factores
List 2 advantages the South had at the start of the War.
majority of trained officers were southerners and stand back and wait for the north to come to them
What was the name given to the North´s plan to blockade southern ports?
What was the South´s main strategy?
prepare and wait (war of attrition)
Which Union General had the most success in the western portion of the war?
Ulysses S. Grant
The war in the west focused on taking control of what?
The Mississippi River
What new weapon did the South develop in an attempt to break the Union blockade? What was the North´s answer?
The Merrimack, The Monitor
Which Union general was known to be extremely cautious, which frustrated Lincoln to no end?
George B. McClellan
Which Confederate general would be the top commander from 1862 to the war´s end?
Robert E. Lee
Most pictures of the Civil War were taken by the same photographer. What was his name?
Mathew B. Brady
Which battle would end up including the bloodiest single day of the entire war?
Battle of Antietam
What nickname did Grant earn during the war?
Unconditional Surrender Grant
Both the north and the south used this to ensure that they had enough soldiers to fight the war.
One of the reasons the South had a hard time during the Civil War is because many of the individual states refused to listen to the directions given by the central government because they believed in the theory of
The South was trying very hard to get what two countries to help them?
Great Britain and France
Which political party controlled Congress during the Civil War years?
During the Civil War, Congress created a new national currency known as
What is the vocab term meaning emergency rule by military authorities? Lincoln put a state under it during the war.
Lincoln also suspended a protection that we have that protects us from unlawful imprisonment and protects us from being held in jail for an indefinite amount of time. What is this called?
Write of Habeas Corpus
8.) Lincoln issued a document that would free slaves in rebel territories. What was it called?
After what battle did he issue it (#8) and what was he waiting on?
Battle of Antietam, he didnt believe he had the right
What prisoner of war camp was the most famous one in the Civil War and what side was in charge of it?
Who was the founder of the American Red Cross?
Who was the leader of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry regiment?
Colonel Robert Gould Shaw
What did officers use to communicate orders/commands to troops during battle?
Which Union general was fired after losing the battle of Fredericksburg?
Which Union general lost the battle of Chancellorsville?
Which Confederate general was killed at Chancellorsville and what was odd or unique about the way he was killed?
Jackson, shot by own troops
Who was the Union general in charge at the battle of Gettysburg?
Who was the Union officer from Maine who is famous for defending Little Round Top?
Who was the Confederate general who led a frontal assault aimed at the center of the Union lines on the 3rd day of Gettysburg?
Winning which battle meant the Union would finally have total control of the Mississippi River and Which Union general won this battle?
Vicksburg, Ulysses S. Grant
What is the word that means ¨ a tactic in which an enemy is surrounded and starved in order to make it surrender?¨
To whom did Lincoln give control of all the Union forces in March 1864?
Which Union general was in charge of the Union forces in the West during this last phase of the war?
Which battle was fought on the same ground as the Battle of Chancellorsville and was so fierce that the forest caught on fire, burning to death many wounded soldiers?
Battle of the Wilderness
Which battle was fought because Grant was trying to block off Richmond from receiving supplies via the railroad?
The siege of Petersburg
Which Confederate general was replaced by Pres. Davis because Davis thought he was being too cautious in not trying to engage the Union forces?
What city did Sherman order to be burned near the end of 1864?
What city did Sherman ´give´ to Lincoln as a Christmas present in 1864?
Who was Lincoln´s opponent in the 1864 Presidential election?
What did the 13th Amendment do?
In what town did the surrender take place (exact name of the town)? And on what day did it happen (mm,dd,yyyy) ?
Appomattox Courthouse, April 9, 1865
Was Grant generous or harsh in his terms of surrender for the South?
Who killed Lincoln?
John Wilkes Booth
Where was Lincoln at (name of the building) when he was shot?
Where was Lincoln finally buried (town)?
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