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Psychology exam 1
Terms in this set (72)
If you thalamus was damaged, you would probably have the most difficulty?
Carmela was in a skiing accident and she broke her leg. Which of the following neurotransmitters would help her deal with the immediate pain of this injury?
If a person's reticular formation was damaged but his medulla was not, it is most likely that the person would be
When looking at a CAT scan with your doctor she points out the organs of the limbic system. Which of the following would be pointed out to you?
If you were in an accident and suffered severe damage to your medulla, your doctors would be most concerned about whether or not you would be able to
Damon is giving a speech in his geography class and he is very nervous. Because he is nervous, Damon's sympathetic nervous system is in high gear. Which of the following symptoms is Damon NOT likely to experience as a result of the functioning of his sympathetic nervous system?
In an attempt to lessen Ashante's epileptic seizures, doctors performed a split brain surgery on her. In this procedure, the surgeons would cut which part of Ashante's brain?
A telephone wire that carries a signal from the telephone pole to your house is most analogous to which part of the neuron?
If Phineas Gage had received damage to the back portion of his frontal lobe, he most likely would have had difficulty
Olga was in an accident that damaged her hippocampus. What is the most likely effect of such an injury?
an inability to recall events that occurred after her brain damage
If your teacher informs you that the day's lecture will be on the central nervous system, it would be most appropriate to assume that you will learn about
the brain and spinal cord
Yanny is sitting in his psychology class listening to a lecture on the brain. Knowing what you know about the nervous system, which branch of Yanny's nervous system is most likely controlling the function of his internal organs as he sits in class?
Gillian is taking a drug for a medical condition. Unfortunately, one of the side effects of this drug is that it disrupts the functioning of her hypothalamus. Which one of the following is NOT likely to be affected by the medication's side effect?
Leilani suffered a brain injury in a car accident which left her with temporary numbness on the left side of her body. Which area of the brain was most likely involved?
A drunken person's staggering is most likely due to sedation of which hindbrain structure?
Keenan is having a flashback. This experience is most likely due to Keenan's prior use of..
When you have a particularly painful medical condition, your doctor will MOST likely prescribe
Should you awaken your friend who is spending the night and is sleepwalking?
Yes, sleepwalkers can injure themselves if they are not awakened
Omar's wife notices that when Omar sleeps, he repeatedly stops breathing until he emits a large snore which wakes him up. Omar is experiencing
Dema has just taken a psychoactive drug. We can expect Dema's behavior to change because these drugs interfere with ________ in the brain and body.
Ahmed just returned to California after a vacation in Jamaica and is feeling very tired. Ahmed's tiredness is most likely due to
the disruption in his circadian rhythm
Yome has just awakened from eight hours of sleep. Regarding non-REM and REM sleep, which of the following is he LEAST likely to have experienced during his eight hours of sleep?
shorter periods of REM sleep as the night progressed
Shemar appears to awaken in fear. His eyes are open, but he is actually in deep sleep. Shemar does not remember the incident in the morning. Shemar is experiencing
Tawnya suddenly falls asleep while performing her daily tasks. Tawnya is most likely experiencing
Dr. Fenner believes that hypnosis is due to a splitting of consciousness. Dr. Fenner supports the ________ theory of hypnosis.
8-year-old Mohammed often urinates in his bed while he is in stage III or IV sleep. Mohammed has a sleep disorder called
Rosario has insomnia. Which of the following would most help Rosario with her insomnia?
going to bed and waking up at the same time every day
Dr. Zapico believes that under hypnosis people are capable of responding to the hypnotist's command to suppress pain, while at the same time being aware of the pain. Dr. Zapico is endorsing which theory of hypnosis?
Scott sleepwalks. When is Scott most likely to exhibit this behavior?
when he is in non-REM sleep
Arnold has been using heroin for some time. If he stops using the drug, he vomits, shakes, and sweats. Arnold has developed
Drew was almost hit by a car while riding his bike. As a result, his heart is pounding, and he is sweaty and shaking. According to the James-Lange theory of emotion, Drew's emotion is
the pattern of physiological arousal in his body that was caused by the accident.
Your motivation to study hard in school in order to get good grades and prepare for a career would be best explained by
Feeling the urge to go to the bathroom is a good example of
a primary drive
If you make yourself smile while reading your psychology textbook, research on the facial feedback hypothesis predicts that you will probably
have more positive feelings about psychology.
Dr. Williams is a psychologist who believes that motivation is produced when we feel an uncomfortable internal state that pushes us to find a way to feel better. Dr. Williams' belief is most compatible with which theory of motivation?
Frederic goes on a very strict diet and loses 75 pounds. Six months after ending his diet, Frederic is back to his original weight of 260 pounds. Frederic's experience is most consistent with
having a set point of 260lbs
Doing a job well because you get to experience a sense of pride in your accomplishment would be a good example of ________ motivation.
According to the cognitive-mediational model, if others tell you that your psychology class will be fun and interesting, once in the class you are likely to feel
more positive emotions about the class
Working hard to improve your basketball skills in order to be selected to the all-star team would be a good example of ________ motivation.
Madeline comes home from school each day and eats a half gallon of ice cream and a dozen donuts and then purges the food through vomiting. Then she does not eat at all until the next afternoon, when she repeats this ritual. Despite her normal weight, Madeline is likely suffering from
According to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs model, a person who is having trouble keeping a job and making enough money to take care of the necessities of life is unlikely to be successful at meeting ________ needs.
You have to give a lecture on negative feedback loops to a group of high school students. Which of the following would be the best analogy for negative feedback for you to use in your lecture?
the gas gauge on a car-monitors how much gas you have, and when you are almost out, a warning light turns on
According to the mere exposure effect, which of the following people should cause you to have the most positive emotional experience?
your nice next door neighbor
Disgust would be an example of
Tiffany keeps herself on a very strict diet. Each day, she eats no more than 300 calories. She also runs and exercises for at least three hours each day. As a result, Tiffany weighs 90 lbs, despite her height of 5' 10". Tiffany is most likely suffering from
sound persuasive, but they are not necessarily based on scientific procedures. Conclusions may go far beyond the scope of their actual data
makes a specific prediction or set of predictions about the relationships among variables. Used to address description and prediction
states how one variable will influence another. tested only when researcher is able to control or manipulate the main variables in a study
neither experiementers nor participants know who is recieved a placebo and who is receiving the actual treatment
study that is not a true experiemtn because participants are not randomly assigned to the different conditions
when we know the two events regularly occur together
Rule for deceiving participants in a psychological study
deception is allowed when alternative procedures are unavailable and when participants are debriefed at the end of the study
Wundt's view that mental experiences were created by different elements
-Dr. Ramel is a psychologist who believes that the best way to understand the mind is to break it down into its smallest elements, much as a chemist understands matter by breaking it down into its elemental components
3 elements: sensations, images, feelings (Titchener)
-Similar to Wilhelm Wundt, if you were to use a self-observation technique to analyze the basic elements of your thought processes, you would most likely be using a method called
an early psychological perspective concerned with how behavior helps people adapt to their environment
-Dr. Moosbichler is a psychologist who believes that the best way to understand the mind is to look at how specific mental processes and behaviors help an organism live in and adapt to its environment
sigmund freud's view that emphasizes the influence of unconscious desires and conflicts on behavior
psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of observable responses and behavior
Javier wants to know how aggression helps a person adapt to the environment.
Which of the following persons would be least likely to emphasize the influence of stimuli and responses on behavior?
students' test scores
Dr. Ford wants to test the hypothesis that room color can affect memory. To test this, he randomly assigns 10 students to a condition where they study a written passage while seated in a room that is painted a lilac color. The other 10 students study the passage while seated in an identical room that is painted bright orange. After both groups studied the passage for 1 hour, they were given a multiple-choice test over the material. Dr. Ford then calculated how many questions the students in both groups got right. In Dr. Ford's study, the dependent variable is the
participants receiving the placebo
Consider an experiment in which participants take a pill that is either a medication or a placebo. The researchers want to determine the effect of the medication on depression. In this example, the control group would be
analyze her data
Dr. Sandburg has been collecting data for the last six months. Every day she measures how much food her rats eat and how much they weigh. Now that she has collected all of her data, the next step in the scientific method for Dr. Sandburg is to
Dr. Portillo is conducting a study in order to test a causal hypothesis. What type of study must she conduct?
Dr. Wolfe spent the last year studying a man named Jeremy. Jeremy had a stroke that destroyed a part of his brain called the hippocampus. Since his injury, Jeremy cannot create new memories of anything that has happened to him. The type of research Dr. Wolfe is engaged in is a(n)
a parent is using "timing out" as a consequence for bad behavior
Which of the following best illustrates an application of the principles of behaviorism?
A research study done through surveys showing that psychology faculty at 4-year colleges are more likely to be male than female would be an example of a(n)
gender of the participants
Consider an experiment in which participants watch various types of TV programs and are then observed while playing a physical game to determine the number of aggressive acts they emit. In this example, the independent variable would be the
Suki's neurons will fail to fire action potentials
Suki's dentist gave her a drug that froze the sodium ion channels along Suki's neural axons. What is the likely effect of this drug?
It will slow down the neural signals traveling through her nervous system
Sabrina has contracted a disease that is destroying her myelin sheath. What effect would you expect this disease to have on the functioning of Sabrina's nervous system?
A drug that causes potassium ions to leave one's neurons is likely to produce what type of effect on the neuron?
Jackson is a normal, healthy adult man. Jackson's brain likely contains more than any other neurotransmitter.
She is trying to improve her memory
Sasha has been drinking an herbal tea that she believes boosts her body's ability to manufacture acetylcholine. Why do you suppose Sasha is so interested in drinking this tea?
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