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31 terms

Basic Literary Terms and Definitions

This list and definitions will be use for a quiz after we finish reading Walk Two Moons.
STUDY
PLAY
cliche
trite expression usually overused familiar phrase
narrator
the person or character that is telling the story
essay
writing that gives ideas and points of view about a subject
antagonist
adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work
hyperbole
obvious exaggeration
exaggeration
stretching the truth
context
what comes before or follows a word or statement and influences it's meaning
conflict
refers to the problems and complications in a story
foreshadowing
hints and clues given by the author about the story
falling action
after the climax, contains the action that leads to the end of the story
character
person in a novel, play, story, etc.
flashback
the author goes back to an earlier time in the story
climax
decisive moment in a plot; the highest point of action in the story
exposition
the part of a story that tells about the setting, time and background of the story
melodrama
exaggerated drama to produce strong feeling
dialogue
conversation (talking) between two or more characters
pseudonym
fictitious name used by an author to conceal his or her identity; pen name
slang
informal vocabulary; jargon
protagonist
the main character (hero) of the story
resolution
the end problems are all resolved
stereotype
a certain type of person; no individuality
plot
the main story of a novel, play, etc.
rising action
the part of the story leading up to the climax
understatement
holding back; the opposite of exaggeration
point of view
the angle from which the story is told
sarcasm
scornful, ironic language, harsh, cutting language or tone intended to ridicule
satire
the use of irony or ridicule in exposing vice, folly, etc., an ironic, sarcastic, or witty composition that claims to argue for something, but actually argues against it
irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning, incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
setting
the locale and period of a story, play, etc.
plagiarism
copying and using someone else's written work
profanity
language used to degrade someone or something