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51 terms

Arthropod Vocab 2016

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Abdomen
Rear body segment where the cerci
Adaptations
Body features or colors that help an insect survive in its habitats
Antennae
Sense organs found on an arthropod's head that are used to take in information about its surroundings
Aquatic
Arthropods that live in water or need water for part of their life cycle
Arachnids
Includes organisms with 2 body segments and 4 pairs of legs
Arthropod
Includes animals with "jointed" appendages (legs), such as spiders, crustaceans, and insects
Binomial Nomenclature
System of using two names to identify a species (genus & species)
Biological Control
Using insects and other natural predators to control pests
Cerci
Structures on the end of an insect's abdomen that are used as sensory organs or used for defense
Chilopoda
Includes the centipedes with only 1 set of legs per body segment
Closed
Type of circulatory system found in humans with blood flowing through vessels
Complete
Type of metamorphosis with 4 stages in which the young do not resemble the adult
Gizzard
Special organ in the digestive system used to grind up food
Crustaceans
Includes crabs, lobsters, and pill bugs
Crypsis
Insects use this when they have coloring to help them blend into their habitats
Defense Mechanisms
Behaviors that help an insect survive in its habitats
Diplopoda
Includes the millipedes with 2 sets of legs per body segment
Entomologist
Scientist who studies insects
Exoskeleton
The outer covering of an insect
Ganglia
A mass of nerve cells
Head
Front body segment of an insect that contains eyes and antennae
Hemolymph
Blood-like fluid found in arthropods
Homing
The instinct that allows an insect to return to its nest or home even after a long trip or long period of time
Incomplete
Type of metamorphosis with 3 stages
Insecta
Includes organisms with 3 body segments and 3 pairs of legs
Insecticides
Chemicals that kill insects; also called pesticides
Invertebrates
Animals without backbones
Larva
Second stage of complete metamorphosis; such as caterpillars, maggots, or grub worms
Mimesis
Occurs when an insect looks like an object
Mimicry
Insects use this when they look like dangerous insects for protection
Molting
The shedding of an exoskeleton that allows an invertebrate to grow larger
Nymph
Young insect that resembles the adult; second stage of incomplete metamorphosis
Ocelli
Refers to the simple eye found on an insect
Open
Type of circulatory system found in insects with blood
Ovipositor
Egg laying structure found on female insects
Parasite
An insect that lives on or inside another insect and causes it harm
Pheromones
Type of chemicals that are released by animals to influence the behavior of others of the same species
Phylum
Classification group that includes all the classes of arthropods
Proboscis
Tube-like mouth structure that butterflies and moths use to suck up nectar from flowers
Prokarya
Group of single-celled organisms that do not have a nucleus in their cells
Pupa
Third stage of complete metamorphosis where a larva turns into a chrysalis or cocoon.
Siphoning
Type of feeding seen in bees in which they suck up liquids
Society
Insects living in groups and working together to provide food and defense as well as raise the young
Spiracles
Breathing holes found on an insect's abdomen
Sponging
Type of feeding method in which the insect's mouth part absorbs liquid to send them to the esophagus
Terrestrial
Arthropods that live mainly on land
Thorax
Middle body segment where the legs and wings are attached
Vertebrate
Animals with backbones
Warning Colors
Insects use these to indicate they are poisonous or dangerous, such as orange, yellow, and black
Eukarya
Group of multicellular organisms that have a nucleus in their cells
Crop
Organ used to store food in an insect's digestive system