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12 terms

Energy and Matter

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forms of energy related to changes in matter
kinetic, potential, chemical, electromagnetic, electrical, thermal
kinetic energy
the energy of matter in motion
potential energy
the energy an object has because of its position
chemical energy
the internal energy (a form of potential energy) stored in the chemical bonds between atoms
electromagnetic energy
a form of energy that travels through space as waves or rays
types of electromagnetic energy
radio waves, infrared "rays" from heat lamps, microwave oven waves, ultraviolet waves, X-rays
electrical energy
the energy of electrically charged particles moving from one place to another
electrolysis
a chemical change which involves electrical energy
electrodes
metal strips used in electrolysis
photosynthesis
a series of chemical changes in which plants convert electromagnetic energy (from the sun) into chemical energy
energy
the ability to do work or cause change
transformed
changed