The Tibetan _________ was first written by the Tibetan saint Padmasambhava and is also known as the "Bardo thosgrol chenmo" (Tibetan "bardo" means "between" and refers to the time between birth and death). The teachings follow various stages in the path of Vajrayana Buddhism practice such as preparatory verses, liberation from negativity, acts of confession, liberation from fear, liberation from recollection, and rebirth. It states that there are six in-between (bardo) states: birth bardo, dream bardo, meditation bardo, experience of death bardo, supreme reality bardo, and state of becoming bardo. (Alyssa) are the foundational basis for Buddha's dharma, or teaching of achieving the path to enlightenment, or bodhi. These _________________ state that first, all life is suffering (which is referred to by dukkha), second, that the cause of suffering is craving (or tanha), third, that the cause of suffering is craving, and fourth, that one must overcome suffering by following the Eightfold Path (or Marga). These ______________address not only the Buddhist view of the human condition which is tainted by dukkha and tanha, but also considers the reality of how one is able to achieve peace by entering Nirvana by following the Eightfold Path. (Chase) known as Marga or the Middle Path, is the fourth Noble Truth and is considered to be the path of deliverance from tanha, or craving, and dukkha, or suffering, in Buddhism. Following Marga is deemed essential if one wishes to reach Nirvana, or the cessation of suffering, and this path is often broken down into eight interrelated sections: right opinion, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. These eight categories cover all of the Buddha's teachings and are considered to be at the core of his dharma, or teachings. (Chase) is the mother of Siddhartha Guatama, who later became the Buddha. According to Buddhist legend, Queen _____ dreamed that four deities carried her bed into the Himalayas, followed by a white elephant that touched ____'s side. When Queen _____ awoke, she realized she was pregnant. Also, as Queen _____ traveled to her parent's home in Devadaha, she gave birth to Siddhartha prematurely in a Sal grove in the town of Lumbini. As Queen _____ gave birth, she stood and held the branch of an ashoka tree, and the world shook as Siddhartha was born. Also, ____ is believed to be the first bhikkhuni, female monk, and she established the first bhikkhuni monastery, helping to spread Buddhism to women. is known as the wheel of rebirth, turning forever; through __________, one dies and their soul is reborn until they reach perfection. Buddha believed that karma, the belief that one's actions and words will lead to rewards or punishment, is more psychological, that humans become what they intend to be. So Buddha's goal became to remove yourself from _______, and to do this, one can follow the three trainings, the four noble truths, and the eightfold path. If one does escape _________, then they have found Nirvana.