Energy Resources and Energy Transformations
Terms in this set (24)
the ability to do work or cause change
a natural resource that is not replaced as it is used
an energy resource that is naturally replaced in a relatively short time
a nonrenewable energy resource made from the remains of animals millions of years ago. Petroleum, coal, & natural gas are examples.
fuels that are made from organisms that were once alive
electricity made from moving water flowing through turbines and turns generators
heat energy created by magma that is close to the surface
energy created by splitting or combining the nucleus of an atom. (fission or fusion)
solar or heat energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
The idea that energy cannot be created or destroyed; only changed into another form
the process of energy changing from one form to another
heat energy from the movement of particles in a substance
energy stored in matter because of its chemical bonds. It is released during a chemical reaction (change). Examples include batteries, food, or fuel.
a substance that blocks heat from being transferred (keeps hot things hot; cold things cold)
energy in the form of electricity. Energy from flowing electrons (negatively charged particles).
energy that an object (such as a machine) has because of its movement or position. Energy of matter caused by its position or motion.
energy an object has due to its motion
a crude oil found in geologic formations. Petroleum is a fossil fuel, formed from the action of intense pressure and heat on buried dead organisms.
energy stored in an object due to its position or its chemical composition
a dark graphite-like material used as a fuel that was formed from fossils
a renewable energy source created from organic materials, such as agriculture crops or treated waste
a naturally occurring gas found deep deep underground. It is commonly used to make electricity, heat, or fuel for vehicles
an energy source created by converting wind energy from windmills into a useful form of energy, such as electricity
an energy source created by radiant light and heat from the sun and harnessed with technology such as photovoltaic cells or solar panels