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37 terms

Chapter 9 Race

STUDY
PLAY
the concept of race
has changed over time
In ancient Egypt, physical markers were linked to
geography
Based on measurements of skull bumps, Blumenbach came up with five principal varieties of
humans
Because the German Nazis could not find a reliable marker to identify Jews, the Jews were forced to
wear a yellow star of David
The one-drop rule asserts that just "one drop" of black blood makes
a person black
The genetic variation that corresponds with geographic origins is much ________ than people commonly believe
less
The comparison between the Burakumin and the Japanese shows that race is
not just about physical or biological differences
Aristotle's principle of civic association was that the true test of a person's worth was in what they did, not who they were. All people were included in this except:
women
An 1851 excerpt from "Harper's Weekly" magazine describes a certain racial group as law-breaking, idle, thriftless, poor, and barbarian. What group is this excerpt describing?
Irish
Modern racial thinking developed in the mid-seventeenth century in parallel with three global changees. What is not one of these global changes?
scientific innovations
European Christians and scientists interpreted the curse Noah put on his son Ham to mean that Ham:
was the original black man
In the nineteenth century, theories of race moved from religious-based racism to
scientific racism
Ethnocentrism classified nonwhites as abnormal and inferior to help justify
imperialism
Which group did Darwin side with, claiming that the notion of different species of humans was absurd?
monogenists
What group, led by Sir Francis Galton, believed that negative traits such as criminality were passed through bloodlines and could be bred out?
eugenicists
Nativists believed that restricting the immigration of certain groups would
protect the nation
Miscegenation refers to
interracial marriage
Muslims in America have undergone what scholars refer to as the formation of a new racial identity, in which new ideological boundaries of difference are drawn around a formerly unnoticed group of people or:
racialization
Most Arabs in the United States are not Muslim but ________, and about 20% of U.S. Muslims are ________.
Christian; African American
Some Muslims have been in North America since the seventeenth century, when they were transported from
Africa as slaves
About 35% of Muslims worldwide were born in
America
American's first naturalization law, passed in 1790, granted citizenship to
free white people
Which act formalized the exclusive definition of whiteness by imposing immigration restrictions based on a national origins quota system that limited the yearly number of immigrants from each country?
Immigration Act of 1924
The differences between race and ethnicity underscore the privileged positions of ______ in America, who have the freedom to pick and choose their identities and freely show their ethnic backgrounds.
whites
Compared with 11% of the U.S. population as a whole, around 33% of Native Americans die before age
45
Afro-Caribbeans such as Cubans, Haitians, and Jamaicans resent being unilaterally categorized as African American, because these immigrant groups:
have a unique culture and language
In 1907 the United States barred immigration from what country, because its people were seen as a threat to the American-born labor force?
China
In one study of television portrayals of Arabs, researchers found basic myths that continue to surround this group. What is not one of these myths
They don't assimilate
Robert Park's model explains the universally progressive pattern in which immigrants arrive, settle in, and achieve full assimilation in a newly homogeneous country. His model is called:
straight-line assimilation
The 1896 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education struck down what doctrine?
separate but equal
The black ghetto was manufactured by whites through a set of deliberate, conscious practices. What is not one of the practices mentioned in your book?
property owners signed secret agreements promising to exclude blacks
Japanese Internment camps resulted in
greater wealth for white Americans
Thoughts and feelings (usually negative) about an ethnic or racial group are referred to as
prejudice
What is the term that refers to the mass killing of a particular population?
genocide
What is not a response to oppression?
prejudice
What term refers to the more overt form of resistance through a movement such as revolution or genocide through nonviolent protest?
collective resistance
During the mid-twentieth century in the United States, many blacks moved north to escape the Jim Crow laws in the rural south. This resulted in
competition for housing and employment in the North, resulting in violent clashes between whites and blacks