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Unit 4 foundations of the federal government
Terms in this set (37)
What is a Cabinet?
body of high-ranking state officials
What was the title of Hamilton in the cabinet?
secretary of treasury
What was the title of Jefferson in the cabinet?
secretary of state
How did the National govt. respond to state debts from the Revolution?
The US govt would pay off the debt and move the capital to Washington DC
Why did Hamilton propose a national bank?
To spur economic growth
Why did Jefferson not like the idea of a national bank?
the constitution did not specifically list the creation of a bank as one of congress's powers
What clause did Hamilton use to justify congress creating a national bank?
"Necessary and Proper"
What is a protective Tariff?
a high tax on imports designed to prompt consumers to buy the lower priced goods
Why did the Whiskey Rebellion start?
Hamilton wanted to control drinking habits of americans and raise money for the national govt.; the rebellion of western PA farmers was the first to challenge the authority of the new national government
During the French Revolution, who did the Democratic Republicans side with?
Who did the federalists side with during the french revolution?
What was Jays Treaty?
treaty with Britain where they agreed to evacuate their forts in the northwest territory
What were the Alien and Sedition Acts?
Allowed the president to deport any alien considered dangerous to the country, fines and jails anyone for hindering or lying about the govt.
What were Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions?
Jefferson and Madison objected to the alien and sedition acts saying they violated the first amendment
What is Nullification?
states have rights to declare and act of congress they deem unconstitutional as "null and void"
What was the XYZ affair?
The french minister refused to meet with the american delegates and instead send 3 low level officials who were nicknamed X Y and Z
Why did political parties develop?
as a result of the differences between Hamilton and Jefferson
Who proposed that the national government "assume" the states debts after the war? Who supported this?
Hamilton; northern states supported this, due to their debts; southern states did not support because they already paid off their debts
Who were federalists?
supporters of hamilton and a strong central government; interpret the constitution loosely
Who were Democratic republicans?
supporters of Jefferson; believed in a limited central government and strong state govts; strict interpretation
Who was appointed by federalist president John Adams? What did he support?
Chief justice John Marshall; supported a strong central government
What is the Marshall Court an example of? What did it support?
that the presidential power is felt long after the appointing administration is gone; a strong federal government
Who were "Midnight judges"?
16 federal judges; he appointed judges to those newly created positions on his last day of presidency
What is a judicial review?
the right to determine the constitutionality of an act of congress
Gibbons v Ogden
only federal govt could control interstate trade
Dartmouth v. Woodward
the state cannot go against contracts made by the federal govt.
McCulloch v. Maryland
federal govt. is supreme over the states
Worchester v. Georgia
the court denied the right of the state of Georgia to impose its laws within Cherokee Indian land
Marbury v. Madison
created judicial review
Why was the Louisiana purchase seen as important?
doubled the size of the US; purchase was drawn up as a treaty
Who did jefferson send in order to explore the newly purchased Louisiana Territory?
Lewis and Clark
Who helped Louis and Clark the explore?
Why else did Jefferson send this team on the journey?
to find a water route to the pacific ocean
What was impressment? Why did British resort to this action (who were they at war with?)
Taking American sailors from their ships and forcing them to serve in the British navy. the British desperately needed sailors for their huge Fleet; the French
What 2 reasons did the war hawks (young politicians) give for wanting to go to war with Britain?
to restore national honor, believed that the British would make maritime concessions to get Canada back from the americans
Who was Francis Scott Key?
Wrote the star spangled banner
Who was the hero of the battle of new orleans?
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