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62 terms

Chapter 15 Review

STUDY
PLAY
microclimate
conditions of temperature and precipitation in a localized area
climate
conditions of temperature and precipitation in a large area
temperature and precipitation
two factors that determine the climate of your region
elevation
the distance above sea level
decreases
as elevation increases, the temperature of air __?__
latitude
the distance north and south of the equator
slow drift of continents
could cause a major climate change on earth
cools & holds less water
what warm air does as it rises
northward or southward
directions a plane would fly if wanting to change latitude
interglacial periods
times when the earth warms up
leeward
the dry side of a mountain
windward
the side of a mountain with a wet climate
California Current
a cold ocean current
polar
the zone with the coldest temperatures
tropical
the zone with the highest amount of precipitaion
66.5 - 90 degrees
the latitude range of the polar zone
23.5 - 66.5 degrees
the latitude range of the temperate zone
0 - 23.5 degrees
the latitude range of the tropical zone
90 degrees
the latitude at which ice caps remain frozen
80 - 90 degrees
the latitude range that receives less direct radiation from the sun
0 degrees (equator)
the latitude that will have the hottest climate
high humidity
the tropical climate zone is known for this
climate change
this remains relatively unchanged
cool down & moisture will condense
results of warm, moist air rising up the western side of a mountain
two
number of polar zones
two
number of temperate zones
one
number of tropical zones
toward the west
the direction that winds are traveling if blowing from the east
six
number of major climates found in the U.S. (include highland)
temperate
the major climate zone of the U.S.
determines climate regions
temperature, precipitaion, and elevation/altitude
Hawaii, Florida, Texas
the states that represent a tropical climate
subarctic climate
the climate found in Russia, Canada, and Alaska
desert
the U.S. climate region that receives the least precipitation
California
the state that represents the Mediterranean climate
steppe (prairie/grassland)
the climate region that is found in the western interior of the U.S.
continental climate
the climate found in an area located within a large landmass
Seattle
the area in the Marine West Coast climate
Alaska
the U.S. state that represents a polar climate
Marine West Coast
the climate that has mild winters and cool summers
wet winters and dry summers
two characteristics of a Mediterranean climate
steppe (prairie / grassland)
the region that has a year-round dry climate
tropical rain forest
the land biome that has the most varied plant life
ozone depletion
the condition caused by chlorofluorocarbons
prairie
another name for grassland
tundra animals
caribou, lemmings, artcic terns, ptarmigan
cacti
plants that do well in the desert climate
tropical rain forest
the land biome that receives at least 200cm of rain yearly
glacier
the result from cold periods in the earth's history
low rainfall
the reason few trees are found in the grasslands
tundra
the land biome that has a very cold and dry climate
coniferous trees
these produce seeds in cones
coniferous
the biome that has evergreen trees
canopy
the top layer of the tropical rain forest
climate
determines the kind of plants that grow in a particular area
climate, animal life, planet life
the characteristics that are used by scientists to classify biomes
reason for major climate change
position of earth relative to the sun
reason for major climate change
movement of continents
tree rings, pollen records, fossils
sources of information about ancient climates
factors affecting temperature
altitude, latitude, ocean currents, distance from large bodies of water
factors affecting precipitation
presence of mountains, prevailing winds
reason for major climate change
changes in the sun's energy output