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topic 6b - uses of ICT in education
Terms in this set (21)
what is Computer Assisted Learning - CAL
covers a whole range of computer based packages which aim to provide interactive instruction in a particular area or on a certain topic
What is Computer Based Training - CBT
uses ICT systems for training in the workplace, usually by making uses of PCs or portable devices. It is about using computers to train people to do different tasks and also train them how to react in different situations.
e.g. Health and Safety Training
What are some Features of CAL/CBT
Used for tutorials
Uses models for simulations
Makes learning fun
Can be used for learning from a distance
Advantages & Disadvantages of CAL/CBT
-Students have flexibility as to when they want to learn
-Materials are provided in lots of different ways such as text, voice, video, animations
- can access the material using a variety of different hardware
- can learn in many different environments
- keeps people using them interested and motivated by the variety of activities
- software is often complex, hard for novice users and makes it expensive through the animation
- students often need the interaction of their classmates in order to learn
- can present an opportunity for students to have a break
- hard for teachers to gauge progress
what is Distance Learning
learning which takes place away from the confines of a traditional teacher/lecturer in a room teaching a group of students. Instead, the learning takes place at a different place to the teacher.
what is Online/ E- Learning
Learning that takes place online - this can be in the form of a multimedia product used to teach a particular subject.
Advantages & Disadvantages of distance/online learning
- students can work at their own pace
- they do not have to worry about getting things wrong, the computer does not judge them
- students get immediate feadback
- no set lesson times
- No social side
- Lack of flexibility, human teacher explain things in different ways to help you
- it is harder when working in isolation.
what is Videoconferencing
Enables 2 or more individuals in different locations to see and talk to each other and exchange audio, video or any other digital file, enabling the users to share computer applications and even work concurrently on the same file.
what are Revision Programmes
Software that helps you revise for your exams. Revision programs can come on CD or used direct from a website.
what is Authoring Software
Authoring is the process of creating a multimedia product such as a website, an interactive presentation, an interactive learning tool for CAL/CBT or instructional software for an electronic whiteboard.
Advantages & Disadvantages of using authoring software
- A novice can generally use the software
- no programming needed
- faster to develop an e-learning product
- they automatically add the background programming code
- Not as flexible
- Not able to perform certain tasks, only certain things you can do without programming
what are Interactive Whiteboards
Is a large interactive display which makes use of a computer and a projector - used to allow lessons or lectures to be more engaging and exciting.
explain the Old paper-based registers
- Marks were completed by teachers during afternoon registration
- Registers needed to be moved to a central place
- Marks were added up manually - caused errors
- Statistics were only created at the end of each term
- Pupils could alter their marks
explain the Computer-based registration systems
Attendance is captured accurately
Student attendance is captured automatically
Misuse of the system is made more difficult
Can record attendance at each lesson
explain Optical Mark Recognition (OMR)
Teachers are given an OMR form with class lists each week and they put a black mark whether present or absent. The form is read by a computer and an absent list is produced. The teacher marks the reason for absence in the correct space on the OMR form.
what are Biometric Methods
Uses a unique feature of the human body such as fingerprints or pattern on the retina of the eye
what is Retinal Scanning
- Retinal scanning - where a low-level light beam is sent into the eye to scan the blood vessel pattern on the retina.
- The scan is compared with a database of scan to identify the pupil
what is Fingerprint recognition
- Student places finger onto scanner
- Scanner scans the finger and identifies key features of the print which it stores in a code
- Software compares the code to codes already stored to identify the pupil
- Attendance details are then recorded.
explain Swipe cards
- Uses a magnetic strip like a credit card
- Used to identify the pupil to the registration system
- Pupils can swipe each other in so is open to abuse
- Pupils forget their cards.
explain Smart cards
- Plastic card the same size as a credit card.
- Contains a microprocessor or memory chip.
- Holds more information than a card containing a magnetic strip.
- Can also be used for purposes such as paying for school meals, access to buildings, in addition to recording attendance.
4 Advantages & Disadvantages of using ICT for systems of registration
- the details are recorded in almost real time
- teachers have administration burden removed
- not possible for students to abuse the system, they can't mark themselves
- promotes health and safety, in case of fire, the system can provide info about everyone in the building
- biometric readers are very expensive
- human rights issues when fingerprint systems are used, people think that they are stored but they arent and cant be re-created
- readers must be kept clean or false records can be produced
- the system can develop faults, so a suitable backup system must be available
This set is often in folders with...
AS ICT - USES OF ICT IN BUSINESS
TOPIC 6C - USES OF ICT IN HEALTHCARE
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