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31 terms

Article 1: Legislative Branch

Sections 1: Congress 2: House of Representatives 3: The Senate
STUDY
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How many houses are in congress?
2 (bicameral)
What are the 2 houses in Congress?
Senate & House of Representatives
How many senators are there?
100 (2 for each state)
How many representatives are there?
Which state has the most?
435; California w/ 55
Members of the house of representatives in the house are elected for how long?
2 years
The head of the house is _________?
How much money does he make?
John Boehner; $235,000
How is the head of the house elected?
He/she is voted on by the representatives.
What are the qualifications for membership in the house?
1. at least 25 years old
2. must have lived in the US for 7 years
3. must live in the state which he/she represents
What are the other 4 types of officers in the house and what is their primary responsibility?
1.majority leader
2.minority leader
3.majority whip ; make sure political parties vote
4.minority whip; " "
impeachment
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
appropriations
any bill that requires revenue
New Jersey's representative in the House of Representatives
Frank Lobiando
Members of the Senate are elected to _ year terms
6 years
Qualifications for members of the Senate
1. at least30 years old
2. citizen of USA for 9 years
3. must live in the state which he/she represents
leader/head of the Senate (Name & Title)
Joe Biden, VP
What does the leader/head of the Senate do?
casts a vote in the case that Senate is tied
If the leader of the Senate is absent, who fills his/her spot? (Name & Title)
David Inouye, president pro temp
The 4 other types of officers in the Senate
1.majority leader
2.minority leader
3.majority whip ; make sure political parties vote
4.minority whip; " "
the 3 exclusive powers of Senate (House doesn't have it)
1. must ratify treaties by the president
2. acts like jury during impeachment process
3. checks president's appointments
New Jersey's 2 senators
1. Frank Loutenberg
2. Robert Menendez
define quorum
more than half
how long is a session of congress?
2 years
3 most important committees in congress
appropriations (money), ways & means (reinforces laws) rules (makes laws & bills)
3 types of punishments each house can apply to its members
denunciation, censure, expulsion
define denunciation
to take back
define censure
official expression of disapproval
define expulsion
booted out
congressional record
where each house's everyday proceedings are kept
habeas corpus
the right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
titles of nobility
one cannot assign another person a title