focuses on stopping the progressive damage of drug use and assisting
drug abusers back to a healthier state. Tertiary prevention incorporates the following
strategies: group intervention as a means to get people into treatment that includes
detoxification, abstinence, and recovery; desensitize the drug user to the people, places,
or things that trigger use; use of family therapy, group therapy, and residential therapeutic
communities; use of pharmacological strategies such as methadone maintenance;
promotion of healthier life styles, and use of aftercare support systems, usually utilizing
12-step programs (Kinney, 2003).