60 terms

Semester Review II

This is PART 2 of the 2009 study guide for the SEMESTER EXAM, you can continue to prepapre for the 2010 SEMESTER EXAM with this list!
Hydrologic Cycle
the movement of water in and around the Earth and atmosphere
Chemical Weathering
weathering that changes the mineral composition of rocks, ex: rust
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that interprets laws
Legislative Branch
the lawmaking branch of government
Executive Branch
the branch of government that enforces the laws.
an ancient land bridge over which the earliest Americans are believed to have migrated from Asia into the Americas
the north central region of the United States (sometimes called the heartland or the breadbasket of America)
The South
region that continues to grow in population due to the high use of air conditioners
an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
tightly knit group of people sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural attributes.
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a political system characterized by a centrally planned economy with all economic and political power resting in the hands of the central government
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
Rocky Mountains
a major mountain system of the United states and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico
Appaliachian Mountains
a major mountain range in the Eastern US, older than the Rockies
Service Industry
an industry that provides services rather than tangible objects
Columbian Exchange
A global exchange of people, plants, animals, technology, and disease form Americas to Europe. Began by Christopher Columbus. brought a commercial revolution and mercantilism.
Louisiana Purchase
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
Free Enterprise
the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation, ex: USA
year of American independence from Great Britain
major rivers in South America
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land, ex: Panama
Prairie Provinces
Breadbasket of Canada
the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)
Andes Mountains
mountain range that runs along the Pacific coast of South America
Iberian Peninsula
contains Spain and Portugal
Scandinavian Peninsula
contains Norway and Sweden
Jutland Peninsula
contains Denmark
Italian Peninsula
contains the Po River and Rome
Balkan Peninsula
peninsula of SE Europe, bounded by the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, and the Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Adriatic Seas
A structure designed to bring fresh water into a city or town
The effort to change or reform the Roman Catholic Church, which led to the establishment of Protestant churches
a series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control
from the 14th to the 16th century- a new era of creativity and learning in Western Europe, Italy to be exact
the organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII
North Sea
Europe's major oil and natural gas deposits are located in the
consists of basic support systems needed to keep an economy going (power, communication, transportation, water, sanitation, and education)
Bubonic Plague/Black Death
spread by fleas and rats from port cities in Europe, killed 25 million people
United Kingdom
country in Northern Europe occupying most of the British Isles: England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland
Romance Language
the group of languages derived from Latin
Germanic Language
a branch of the Indo-European family of languages
Slavic Language
major language in eastern Europe
Berlin Wall
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Satellite Nations
The Eastern European nations that remained under the control of the Soviet Union after the Second World War.
goods produced domestically and sold abroad
goods produced abroad and sold domestically
official money of the European Union, first introduced in 2002
an almost continuous urban area made up of several cities and its suburbs
Command Economy
a system in which the central government makes all economic decisions
30 degrees S, 60 degrees W
the continent of South America
45 degrees N, 90 degrees W
the continent of North America
0 degrees, 30 degrees E
the continent of Africa
45 degrees N, 0 degrees
the continent of Europe
30 degrees S, 120 degrees E
the continent of Australia
60 degrees N, 90 degrees E
the continent of Asia
30 degrees N, 30 degrees W
the Atlantic Ocean
5 degrees S, 75 degrees E
the Indian Ocean
15 degrees N, 150 degrees E
the Pacific Ocean
75 degrees S, 120 degrees E
the continent of Antarctica
continent, country, island