an ancient land bridge over which the earliest Americans are believed to have migrated from Asia into the Americas
the north central region of the United States (sometimes called the heartland or the breadbasket of America)
an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
tightly knit group of people sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural attributes.
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a political system characterized by a centrally planned economy with all economic and political power resting in the hands of the central government
a major mountain system of the United states and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico
A global exchange of people, plants, animals, technology, and disease form Americas to Europe. Began by Christopher Columbus. brought a commercial revolution and mercantilism.
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation, ex: USA
the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)
peninsula of SE Europe, bounded by the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, and the Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Adriatic Seas
The effort to change or reform the Roman Catholic Church, which led to the establishment of Protestant churches
a series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control
from the 14th to the 16th century- a new era of creativity and learning in Western Europe, Italy to be exact
consists of basic support systems needed to keep an economy going (power, communication, transportation, water, sanitation, and education)
Bubonic Plague/Black Death
spread by fleas and rats from port cities in Europe, killed 25 million people
country in Northern Europe occupying most of the British Isles: England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
The Eastern European nations that remained under the control of the Soviet Union after the Second World War.