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CH 17 Terms
Terms in this set (36)
Frankish political and military leader, known as Charles the hammer, Father of Charlemagne
Battle of Tours
a battle between the Franks and the Umayyads in 732
Song of Roland
a heroic poem based on the Battle of Roncesvalles in 778, during the reign of Charlemagne
The historical period from around 500 A.D. up to around 1450 A.D. between the fall of Rome and the birth of the Renaissance
group of Germanic people who rose to prominence under the leadership of King Clovis
They began to replace Roman provinces in the years of upheaval between 400 and 600. The borders of these kingdoms changed constantly with the fortunes of war.
Germanic general who deposed Romulus Augustulus (last Roman emperor in western half) in 476 CE
under his rule, the Franks became Christians and created one of the strongest kingdoms in Europe
(c.474-545) Queen of the Franks and wife of Clovis; convinced Clovis to follow catholic Christianity, not Arianism.
Royal house of Franks after 8th century until their replacement in 10th century.
Gregory of Tours
literate monk who wrote the History of the Franks and some of the other few surviving histories of the Early Middle Ages
Frankish king who conquered most of Europe and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in the year 800
Capital of Charlemagne's empire, c. 800; a city in present-day Germany
officials appointed by Charlemagne to enforce constant rule, collect taxes, enforce laws, etc.
Pope Leo III
Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor on Christmas Day, 800
Louis the Pious
Charlemagne's son - weaker leader - his 3 sons divided the kingdom into now present day France, Germany, and Italy
Pagans who attacked Europe and converted to Christianity and established Hungary
Scandinavian Vikings from 800--‐1000 CE; Fierce Military Force
one of a seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of northern and western Europe from the eighth through the tenth century.
A Germanic-speaking people; one of the main groups that settled in Britain in the post-Roman period, founding several of the kingdoms of ( )-Saxon England.
a germanic people that conquered England and merged with the Angles to become Anglo-( )
Otto of Saxony
Took advantage of decline of Carolingian Empire to establish the Holy Roman Empire. Ruled over western lands of former Roman empire
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
a person of high rank who owned land but owed loyalty to his king
gifts of land
A servant or attendant, especially one in the household of a person of high rank.
men of women who were the poorest members of society, peasants who worked the lord's land in exchange for protection
large farm estates of the Middle Ages that were owned by nobles who ruled over the peasants living in the land
Iron tips that dug into the earth; turned the soil so as to aerate it thoroughly and break up the root networks of weeds.
Capitulary de Villis
a set of rules for care of the king's property during the Carolingian Dynasty in the 8th Century
Pope Gregory the I
Bishop of Rome. Took charge of Rome- as result area became known as the Papal States. Spread Christianity throughout Europe
he founded a monastery in nothern italy in the 6th century and wrote a set of instructions gonverning the lives of monks that was used by monasteries and vonbents across europe.
Twin sister of St. Benedict, established a nunery that followed her brothers code
leaders of a monastery
writing rooms where monks copied the works of early Christianity, such as the Bible, but also the works of Latin classical authors
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