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159 terms

Dlit

Terminology that may be important
STUDY
PLAY
Athens
birthplace of democracy
The Persians
Lost to Greece in the Persian war which started Greece's Golden Age
Classical Period/ Golden Age
5th century. Starts at the Persian war and ends at the Peloponnesain war. Many advances during this time.
Herodutus
Philosopher. History. Greek.
Pythagoras
Mathematician. Pythagorus formula. greek.
Hippocrates
Wrote the physicians oath. Greek.
Dithyramb
A choral song sung or chanted about a god or heroic figure. Hymn. 50 men or 50 boys. beginning of theater.
Arion
Added spoken parts during a song to make it more dramatic. begin dialogue. (Like in country.) (Added to Dithyramb.) (also playwright)
Thespis
First actor. First to create character. Makes Dithyramb more dramatic. 6th century. took dialogue farther.
City-states
How Greece's territory was divided. City governs rural areas.
The Bacchae
Euripides. Characters: Dionysus, chorus of Asian Bacchae, Teiresias, Camus, Pentheus, Attendant, First/ second messenger, Agave, Coryphaeus
Hypocrite
Greek word for actor. (answerer)
Aristotle
Greek Philosopher. Tragic form. Wrote Poetics.
Aristotle's 6 plot elements for tragedy:
Plot, character, thought, language/ diction, Music, Spectacle
Poetics
By Aristotle. About theater esp. the tragic form.
Prologos
Opening scene- provides background
Parodos
entrance of the chorus. Interchange with Episode.
Episode
when Plot develops. 2 or more characters interact. Interchange with choral ode.
Choral ode
chorus sings their point: commentary. Interchange with episode.
Exodos
Final scene and characters leave stage.
Katharsis
Purging of emotions
Hamartia
Fatal Flaw
Huberis
Pride (excessive)
Theoric Fund
created by Pericles. 450 bc. help poor with admission costs.
Dionysus
Demi-God of fertility, wine, and agriculture.
City Dionysus
Festival celebrating Dionysus. Start theatre. In spring (late march). In Piraeus (near athens) Dithyrambs preformed. Tragedy and comedy added later.
Tetralogy
4 plays by one playwright. 1 comedy/ satyr 3 tragedy. All stand on own but have same theme.
Satyr play
Greek Drama. off of greek mythology and history. Chorus of saytrs
Satyr
Half man half goat
Mimesis
Imitation (our theater)
Methexis
group sharing. (no fourth wall) everyone together. social efficacious. Purpose. (frat party)
Semiotics
Sign with meaning. Reaction. Cultural.
Iconography
symbolism. context
Deconstructionists
make as non bias as possible. (who is writing the history)
Marxist
Economics and class. (who was involved in theater)
Revisionist
Revising history from the way it is told. Look through certain point of view. (eliete point of view)
Performance Study
what is a play vs. popular entertainment. what is performance.
Positivist
Cause and effect
Archon responsibilities
chooses plays and Coregus. oversee and judge dithyramb. (11 months ahead of time) government elected.
Choregus responsibilities
Producer. Provides money for major expenses (rehearsals, costumes, musicians) (Win= great prestige) appointed by archon
Myth
historical stories passed down by oral storytelling.
Aeschylus
added 2nd actor. chorus to 12 (used extensively). wrote about: wealthy families, lofty themes (high status. First world problems). Praised: lyrical poetry, dramatic structure, intellectual content. 7 plays (agamemnon). (founder of greek drama. master tetralogy.)
Sophocles
added 3rd actor. chorus to 15. Superb plot construction and character exploration. Realistic scene painting. 7 plays (oedipus).
Euripides
Most modern of greek playwrights. More realism. Sympathetic portrayal of women. mixed tragedy, comedy, melodrama. diminished chorus use and chorus. (the bacchae).
Aristophanes
old comedy. made fun of government. Inventive comic scenes. witty dialogue. Pointed Satire. Contemporary (about his time. not timeless). (Lysistrata).
Greek Chorus
Major part in their drama. gives commentary on action in the episode.
Greek tragedy
"goat song" Universal. Gods/ myths. Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides.
Complex tragedies
has reversal and recognition
Simple tragedy
no reversal or recognition.
Catharsis
purging of emotions
Old comedy
Political/ society. Aristophanes. 534-404 bc
Greek comedy
Pore particular. in contemporary. ("knows") society and politics.
Middle comedy
leads to new comedy. 404- 336
New comedy
Domestic. plot driven. mostly secular. Meander.
Hellenistic
During alexander the greats reign. defeated by romans (336-146) Art, culture, intellect. changes in architecture, acting, writing
Theatron
Greek. audience/ seating. "Viewing place"
Greek orchestra (structural)
playing area. has thymele in middle.
Skene
stage house. (scene building. dressing space. store props. entrance/ exit. mask mechanics)
Thymele
alter in the middle of the orchestra
pinake
type of flat
periaktoi
triangular flat device.
Dues Ex Machina
"machine" crane used for entrance of a god from heaven.
Paraskenia
side wings
Proedria
greek. Place where important people sit.
Ekkyklema
wagon wheeled from behind stage to transport character that dies off stage.
Greek masks
huge. cover entire head. included hair and beards and distinctive features. Identifies character. in tragedies chorus all same masks. comic masks for chorus unusual.
Chiton
Garment. held on my shoulder. sewn. (like toga-ish)
kothornos
hellenistic period. thick soled boots.
Artists of Dionysus
like a union for actors. precursor to equality actors. named to remind them of religious background.
Greek mimes
earliest professional performers. traveled. entertainment not religion. Juggling, acrobatics, wordless dances about fables, sketches with dialogue. with women. originate in southern italy. own guilds (not recognized by artists of Dionysus)
Meander
New Comedy. 4 plays. 5 acts. Aristotle's dramatic structure. role of chorus very minimal (greatly subtracted).
Happy idea
problem to be tested in greek old comedy. usually established in prologue. (ex: lysistrata- no sex until war ends)
Cyclops
a satyr play. Euripides
Greek actors
All male. not always paid. never more than 3 on stage. one actor- multiple roles. vocal ability key.
Chorodidaskalos
choral trainer
Aulos
reed instrument. most used. double flute.
Agon
scene with a debate between to opposing forces (each one side of social/ political issue.
Parabasis
scene which chorus speaks directly to audience. pokes fun at spectators (sometimes specific ones), or other subjects.
Theater prohibition
christianity (early). jewish. islam.
Abydos Passion Play
in Egypt. (2500-500) precursor to Dithyramb. About Osiris.
Rituals
Symbolic. For a purpose (ethicatious). Slowly develop into patterns. Magical effect.
Cerimonies
formal. led by designated authority figure.
Functions of masks
To identify character. (not about actor)
effemeral
can't be replicated. Fleeting.
Rhapsoidoi
public preformers/ storytellers
Origins of theater
Imitation, roleplaying, story telling, Rituals, ceremonies. (start with Abydos ritual into dithyrambs)
Efficaciousness
intended to achieve results.
"Twice-behaved Behavior"
behavior from past. replicating. consciously.
Libretto
opera book
Dicorum:
Proper action
Descriptive Criticism
Describes dramatic structure. (Aristotle poetics)
Prescriptive Criticism
What it should be. (Hource)
Metacommentary
writing about writing.
Agonthetes
With government official in charge of production details.
Onkos
exaggerated headdress for tragic characters
Phylakes
Mime troupes from southern italy
Roman values and focuses
Duty,Honor, loyalty, discipline, economy, endurance "A system is important and individuals part are part of the whole.". forces on practical, military, strategy, pop entertainment.
Roman Republic
democracy. 508-27 be
Fall of rome
Too much to monitor.
Roman Empire
one person rules
Eruria
Civilization nw of rome. Influential on roman theater.
Atellan Farce
stock characters satirized from roman countryside. own mask and costume. short improvised based on domestic situations or mythological burlesque. motivated by base instinct (lust and greed). Country bumpkins.
Lundi Romani
Roman festival. Displayed athletic contests pop. entertainment. Tarquin established. held in september. dedicated to jupiter (roman zeus). no errors allowed.
Theater of Pompii
first built (outside of roman law).
Historiones
roman actors (latin word)
Mondey romony
like festival of dionysus
Fabula palliata
comedy based on greek subjects
fabula togata
comedy based on roman materials
Auleum
Roman. front curtain on telescope poles. hides actors.
Siparium
Roman. painted backdrop.
Horace
Roman aristotle. wrote art of poetry. moralist.
Horace's rules
genres not mixed. plays in 5 acts. only 3 on stage at once. God wrote in only when unavoidable. Chorus advances action is moral with high moral tone and good advice. teach and please. preach decorum. no extremes of emotion or offensive material.
Medieval Period
476 ad. western roman empire falls. Punic wars and barbarians. Roman catholic church provided order.
Byzantine Empire
Official language greek. Saves roman and greek manuscripts. falls due to split in Christianity with western and muslim.
Byzantine influences
Ancient Greece, rome, christianity
Constantinople
where roman and greek stuff saved.
Early Medieval
Dark ages. 500-1000. rural.
High Medieval
100-1400. start into renaissance. rebirth into towns. self governed towns- end of feudalism. guilds for professions. spread of knowledge. theology. Monasteries for learning.
Feudalism
Organization of politics. Born into position.
Lords, vassals, serfs.
Patricians
rich, ruled country in senate
Plebeians
ordinary middle class. people's assembly.
Punic Wars
Between rome and Carthage.
Roman Theater
down to earth. comedy and popular entertainment. Domestic farce. Take from Greek theater and Etruscans. latin.
Livius Andronicus
first to write in latin in roman.
Gnaeus Naevius
first playwright born in rome.
Roman comedy
New comedy. own version. Eliminated chorus. addition of music to dialogue. emphasis on eavesdropping. setting of action on street.
Plautus
roman comic writer. farcical situations and mastery of colloquial latin. popular. combined: song, dance, native italian farce, new comedy. trials and tribulation of romance. modern comedic musicals. 20 plays (the merchant)
Terence
First african play wright. New comedy. Characterization, subtly of expression. elegant language. prologue for background info or summarize plot. high society. double plots. more literary over exaggerated. stock characters. less music.
Hrosvitha
first female playwright. nun. convent in germany: Gandersheim. 12th century. Canoness(not confined to abby). read/ wrote in latin. wrote so students would not be corrupted. wrote like Terence with christian stories. 6 plays. recurring dramatic action: conversions of nonbelievers, renunciation of past sin. closet- dramas.
Liturgcal Drama
religious drama. usually sung or chanted. relates to bible. in latin. performed in churches. wrote and presented by clergy and choir boys.
Tropes
musical passages sung or chanted.
Quem Quaeritis
whom do you speak
Hildegard Von Bingen
woman. short music plays. nun. latin.
Platea
medieval playing space.
Mansion
setting. all seen at once. out side.
Cavea
Roman seating
Roman Orchestra
Playing space. semi circle
Scena
Roman Skene
Pulpitum
Roman raised stage in front of scaena.
Scena Frons
front facade of sceana. ornate. 3-5 doors.
Vernacular Drama
move to outside. serious christian subject mixed with comedy. in everyday language not latin. 2 kinds: cycle plays, and morality plays
Cycle/ Mystery Plays
Dramatize bible. staged indecently as drama. show dramas presented in sequence. vernacular. dramatized as medical types (make more identifiable). has anachronism. spectacular. comedy added. unfold begging to end.
Feast of Corus Christi
Fest in late spring.
Anachronism
displacement in time.
Morality Plays
everyman. sermon in theatrical form. bigger theme. allegorical. persuade to repent. temptation back to virtue.
Episodic
medieval. 2nd dramatic form. abrupt seeing changes. comedy and serious mixed. not single plot (2 separate but related plots) 2 stories 2 plots 2 sets of characters (repeat to reinforce) whole is greater than parts. Cycle plays.
Closet Dramas
plays written to be recited in small groups. not preformed.
Seneca
roman playwright. cynical Seneca, violent. closet tragedy. adapted greek. wrote in latin. not chorus needed. emphasize dramatic violent spectacle on stage. villainous characters, supernatural characters. obsessed by overwhelming emotion.
Stoicism
an indifference to pleasure or pain
Corpus Christi
Body of christ
Pageant master
oversee all production matters.
Magestrates
rich. money for festivals. if good potential career advancement.
Scops
story tellers highly prized
Pagan Rites
religious and historical festivals
Pageant wagons
no performances while moving.portable wagons with scenes on them (mansions)
Important in Greek Theater
cultural values, significant issues, festival celebrations
Important in Roman Theater
popular entertainment
Important in Medieval Theater
christian teaching
Important in Renaissance Theater
Realism, humanism, secular