Government Test Chapter 8 President
Terms in this set (42)
Duties of President
1. Commander in Chief of armed forces
2. Appoint heads of executive departments, federal judges and top officials
3. Foreign Policy
4. ensure all laws of US are executed
5. has law making power
Constitutional duties of the first President Washington and
duties of modern day President (Obama) are much the same
Who must approve the President's appointments
When conducting foreign policy the President
makes treaties, meets with heads of state, host officials and appoints ambassadors (with Senate approval)
limited the presdient to two terms (4 years each term); allows Vice President who takes over for President to serve two terms if serves two years or less
or salary was not specified by constitution but Congress has raised now $400,000; with allowance for travel
state of the Union Address
Why was Presidents term limited
FDR ran for a 3rd and 4th term; people were concerned over too much executive power
What is the line of succession of President
First - Vice President
Second - Speaker of the House
Third - president pro tempore of the Senate
Fourth - Cabinet officers starting with Secretary of State, then in order of creation
Contitutional requirements to be president/vice president
1. natural born citizen
2. at least 35 years old
3. resident of the US for at least 14 years
Separate elections for VP and PRES.
changed the dates of the presidents terms
Lets the District of Columbia vote
Took away poll tax
States presidential sucession
Who is the National budget prepared by
office of Management and budget
President is sworn in
Role of Vice President
President of the senate (presides over it), decides whether president is disabled
How is the number of electors per state chosen?
The number is represented according to the total number of representatives in legislative branch
How many elctors does Georgia have?
List the 5 states that have the most electoral votes?
California, Texas, Florida, New York, Pennslyvannia
Name a southeastern state that has 15 electoral votes
Name a Western state that has 6 electoral votes
Nevada or Utah
Name a New England state that has 3 electoral votes
Name a Midwestern state that has 11 electoral votes
How many total electors are there
How many electoral votes are needed to win the election
Why did the Electoral College origninally start?
It was a way in which the states would have a voice in the election of a President.
Prior to the election of 1800 how was the President chosen
candidate with the most votes would become president; was decided in the House of Representatives
Prior to election of 1800 how was the Vice President chosen
candidate with the second most votes
Why did the election process for President change
If there is a tie for the president who breaks the tie?
House of Representatives
If there is a tie for Vice President who breaks the tie?
What is the election process for the President
1. Spring the Primaries are held party nominates candidates
2. November the people vote for the electors (winner takes all)
3. December electors cast their ballots
4. Jan 20th the President is inaugurated at noon
Why is the Electoral College controversial?
Because it can go against the popular vote; country can vote for one candidate but state goes to winner takes all so electoral of state decide.
If we changed to strictly popular vote, what potential problems could arise
Small states don't have as much power as large states
National budget is prepared by
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Who are the cabinet
Department of State, Department of War, Department of Treasury, and Attorney General's office; the advisers surrounding the head of state (9nner) and department heads narrower interests agriculture, veterans affairs (outer)
Secretaries of state, defense, treasury, and attorney general
narrow interest department heads like agriculture, veterans affairs,
What does the cabinet do
give advice on matters, president can discuss issues with them
advice and consent
the president may want advice and consent but sometimes is just notifying how the issue will be decided