social construction - masculine and feminine

3 prong test: Title IX (prong 1)

The Proportionality Test
A 5 percentage point deviation has been okay

Prong 2

The History of Progress Test
Judged by actions & progress over past 3 years

prong 3

The accommodation of interest test
Programs & teams meet the interests and abilities of the under represented sex

Protective camouflage

dressing and appearing feminine outside of sport ; showing an overt heterosexual social life - women as wives and mothers

Masculine Capital

Adherence to overtly masculine behaviors and attitudes

Masculin Capital results in:

Results in raising his worth among his male peers

Gender Equity

when the participants in both the men's and women's sports programs would accept as fair and equitable the overall program of the other gender. No individual should be discriminated against on the basis of gender, institutionally or nationally, in intercollegiate athletics.

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