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Anthropology Study Guide Chapt 1-5
Terms in this set (45)
Each DNA sequence, each protein-generating code, is a gene'
Refers to an allele that is expressed in an organism's phenotype and that simultaneously masks the effects of another allele, if another one is present.
An allele that is expressed in an organism's phenotype if two copies are present but is masked if the dominant allele is present.
The basic units of inheritance' a sequence of DNA on a chromosomes, coded to produce a specific protein.
The strand of DNA found in the nucleus of euykaaryotes that contains hundreds or thousands of genes.
One or more alternative forms of a gene.
The genetic makeup of an organism' the combination of alleles for a given gene.
The physical expression of the genotype; the combination of alleles for a given gene.
refers to the condition in which a pair of alleles that is single Locus on homologous chromosomes are the same.
refers to the condition in which a pair of alleles at the single locusts on homologous chromosomes are different.
Cultural, Archeological, Linguistic, Physical
What are the four traditional subfields of anthropology?
Study the evolution of primates in histoy.
What do anthropologists study?
with primates, living cultures of today, and with people.
What are the perspectives of anthropology (e.g. the biocultural approach)
in a forensics lab, or a funded government job at the Smithsonian.
Where might you find a biological anthropologist at work?
All aspects of human biology, specifically looking at the evolution and variation of humans beings and their living and past relatives.
What do biological anthropologists study all aspects of?
1. Living from trees to the ground, bipedalism
2. Nonhoning chewing and less specialized teeth.
3. Material culture and tool making
4. Speech and hyiod bone.
5. Hinting as a group and gathering.
6. Domesticated foods
What are the "Six Steps to Humanness"?
What are the parts of the scientific method?
A set of hypotheses that have been rigorously tested and validated, leading to their establishment as a generally accepted explanation of specific phenomena.
A statement of fact describing natural law.
Know the definitions of and differences between: hypothesis, theory, law
What is the modern evolutionary synthesis?
What did Charles Darwin do? What didn't he do? What is the name of his most
What did people think about the origins of life and planet Earth in Darwin's time?
What did the following disciplines contribute to Darwin's ideas: paleontology,
demographics, geology and biology
What did these scholars contribute to Darwin's work: Cuvier, Lyell, Malthus, Ray,
Linneaus, Wallace, Lamarck
What is the taxonomy of human beings?
What are some of the perceived controversies between religion and science as
discussed in lecture? (lecture only content)
What is nuclear DNA? What does DNA stand for (how do you spell it!)? What is DNA
made of (components of a nucleotide and names of bases)? What does DNA do???
What is mitochondrial DNA?
What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis? Know related terms and
concepts: gametes vs. sex cells, haploid vs. diploid, how many chromosomes
What is protein synthesis? How does it work? Be able to put the steps on order!
What are the reasons that human genetic inheritance gets complicated?
Define: microevolution, macroevolution and speciation
What is the difference between homology and homoplasy, and the types of homoplasy? (lecture only content)
What is natural selection? How does it work? What are some examples of natural
selection in humans (e.g., lactase persistence and sickle cell).
How do we study natural selection in humans? What is the difference between balancing selection (also called selection for the heterozygote in lecture and balanced polymorphism in the book), disruptive selection, directional selection and stabilizing selection? What are some examples?
What is mutation?
What is gene flow?
What is genetic drift?
What is nonrandom mating? (lecture only content)
What is the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium formula?
What does it mean? Why do we use it?
What must it assume in order to work?
What are the problems with the idea that race is biological? (mostly lecture only)
What do Allen's and Bergmann's rules explain? How would they be applied to humans?
What do we know about the evolution of human skin color and its distribution?
What is homeostasis?
Know the differences between types of adaptations and how they apply to thermoregulation (heat and cold stress) and hypoxia.
What are the consequences of nutritional stress?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Evolution: Constructing a Fundamental Scientific T…
Genetics chapter 3 reproducing life and protect pr…
Gene's and their Evolution chapter 4 population ge…
Biology in the present chapter 5 living people
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