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32 terms

Ch. 9 A&P I

Bones and joints
STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following is not a property of synovial joints?
freely movable
lined by a secretory epithelium
covered by a capsule
lined by a mucous membrane
contain synovial fluid
lined by a mucous membrane
Kicking a football straight ahead with your toes involves what movement of your leg?
abduction
extension
flexion
circumduction
adduction
flexion
Dislocations are quite painful due to stimulation of pain receptors. One place these receptors are absent is
inside the joint cavity.
within the joint capsule.
within the ligaments around the joint.
within the tendons around the joint.
both C and D
inside the joint cavity
The articulation between the first rib and the sternum is a
Answer

synchondrosis.

gomphosis.

symphysis.

synovial joint.

syndesmosis.
synchondrosis
Which of the following movements is an example of supination?
Answer

moving the hand toward the shoulder

extreme bending of the head backwards

turning the hand palm upward

spreading the fingers

opening the mouth
turning the hand palm upward
The distal end of the tibia articulates with the
Answer

calcaneus.

patella.

coxal bone.

talus.

fibula.
talus
Which of the following is not a property of synovial joints?
Answer

contain synovial fluid

lined by a mucous membrane

lined by a secretory epithelium

covered by a capsule

freely movable
lined by mucous membrane
A ligamentous connection such as an interosseus ligament is termed a
Answer

synostosis.

synchondrosis.

symphysis.

syndesmosis.

gomphosis.
syndesmosis
Which of the following ligaments is not associated with the hip joint?
Answer

ischiofemoral ligament

pubofemoral ligament

anterior cruciate ligament

iliofemoral ligament
anterior cruciate ligament
The joints that are subjected to the greatest load are found in the
Answer

spine.

hands.

ankles.

hips.

knees.
ankles
The carpometacarpal joint of the thumb is an example of a(n) ________ joint.
Answer

gliding

ellipsoid

saddle

pivot

hinge
saddle
An epiphyseal line is an example of a
Answer

syndesmosis.

synchondrosis.

symphysis.

synostosis.

gomphosis.
synostosis
When someone is going to place something in the palm of your hand, your hand must be
Answer

flexed.

adducted.

abducted.

pronated.

supinated.
supinated
___________ joints allow only monaxial movement.
Answer

Hinge and gliding

Pivot and ball-and-socket

Gliding and ellipsoid

Pivot and hinge

Plane and saddle
pivot and hinge
Which of these joints has neither fibrocartilage articular disks nor a labrum to support the joint?
Answer

shoulder

ankle

knee

temporomandibular

hip
ankle
The intervertebral joints between articular processes are examples of ________ joints.
Answer

saddle

ellipsoid

gliding

hinge

pivot
gliding
The joint that permits the greatest range of mobility of any joint in the body is the ________ joint.
Answer

wrist

shoulder

hip

knee

elbow
shoulder
The movements known as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion involve moving the
Answer

foot.

leg.

arm.

hand.

hip.
foot
Which of the following movements is an example of depression?
Answer

opening the mouth

extreme bending of the head backwards

spreading the fingers

moving the hand toward the shoulder

turning the hand palm upward
opening the mouth
The condyloid joint is found between
Answer

the ulna and the radius.

the maxillary and the temporal bone.

the patella and the femur bone.

the mandible and the temporal bone.

the vomer and the zygomatic bone.
the maxillary and the temporal bone
The radiocarpal joint is a(n) ________ joint.
Answer

hinge

ellipsoid

gliding

saddle
ellipsoid
The back of the knee joint is reinforced by ________ ligaments.
Answer

patellar

popliteal

anterior cruciate

tibial collateral
popliteal
Which of the following is not a function of synovial fluid?
Answer

lubrication

shock absorption

increases osmotic pressure within joint

provides nutrients

protects articular cartilages
increases osmotic pressure within the joint
The elbow joint is an example of a(n) ________ joint.
Answer

gliding

pivot

hinge

ellipsoid

saddle
hinge
The stronger and more stable a joint is, the less mobility it has.
Answer True
False
True
A pocket, or sac, filled with synovial fluid that extends for a distance away from the rest of the joint cavity is called
Answer

articular cartilage.

a bursa.

a herniation.


the periosteum.


an articular disk.
a bursa
In synovial joints, blood vessels and nerves do not enter the
Answer

A. articular cartilage.

B. joint cavity.

C. bone.

D. synovial membrane.

E. both A and B
joint cavity
You are sitting on a chair. To stand up, you must __________ your thighs and __________ your legs.
Answer

extend, flex

flex, extend

flex, flex

abduct, flex

extend, extend
extend, extend
Curling into the "fetal position" ________ the intervertebral joints.
Answer

flexes

hyperextends

abducts

rotates

extends
flexes
In the knee joint, the medial and lateral menisci
Answer

act as cushions and conform to the shape of the articulating surfaces.

are found between the patella and femur.

are cartilages that bind the knee to the tibia.

take the place of bursae.
acts as cushions and conform to the shape of the articulating surfaces
Which of the following occurs when the articular cartilage is damaged?
Answer

The matrix begins to break down.

The exposed surface changes to a rough feltwork.

Friction in the joint increases.

Normal synovial joint function is unable to continue.

All of the above.
all of the above
A suture is an example of a(n)
Answer

syndesmosis.

symphysis.

synarthrosis.

amphiarthrosis.

diarthrosis.
synarhrosis